chronic kidney disease

(redirected from CKD)
Also found in: Financial, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

chronic kidney disease

A condition defined as either:
(1) Kidney damage for = 3 months, defined by structural or functional renal abnormalities with or without a reduced glomerular filtration rate, manifest by either:
• Pathological abnormalities, or
• Markers of kidney damage, including abnormalities in the composition of the blood or urine, or abnormalities in imaging tests;
(2) GFR < 60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for = 3 months, with or without kidney damage.
 
Workup
Serum creatinine for GFR, protein to creatinine ratio, examine urine sediment or dipstick for red cells, WBCs, imaging of kidneys, serum electrolytes (Na+, K+, Cl-, bicarbonate).

chronic kidney disease

,

CKD

Any illness in which kidney function remains diminished for a long period of time. CKD is defined as > 30 mg of urinary albumin excretion per gram of urinary creatinine, or a glomerular filtration rate of < 60mL/min/1.73m2 and includes both end-stage renal disease and improper functioning of kidney transplants. “Renal insufficiency” is a less-preferred term.
References in periodicals archive ?
Major risk factors for CKD in adults include diabetes, hypertension, and cardiovascular disease.
of McMaster University, Ontario, Canada, and colleagues examined the association of a healthy diet, alcohol, protein and sodium intake with incident or progression of CKD among patients with type 2 diabetes.
Interpretation & conclusion: Paucity of symptoms in the initial stages of certain forms of CKD probably led to 50 per cent of patients presenting with CKD 5 as the initial presentation of renal disease.
Conclusion: Moderate CKD is a major risk factor for the development of the Whitehall ECG criteria which have been associated with ischemic heart disease.
Commenting on the closing, Miguel Olea, Partner and Regional Head for Latin America at The Abraaj Group, said: The successful closing of the CKD is evidence of the growing confidence Mexican investors have in the private equity asset class, and in Abraaj as their fund manager of choice.
We studied a nonprobability convenience sample, after applying exclusion criteria, of 949 patients in the community whose CKD stage was based on estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) (5).
article offers a concise summary of CKD screening in the new guidelines, supplemented with insights from published research, recent reviews by kidney experts, and 2012 New York State Department of AIDS Institute Advice on kidney disease in HIV-positive people.
After adjustment for several potential confounders, including demographics, medication use, laboratory values, and medical history, following a Mediterranean-style diet was associated with a 50% reduction in the risk of incident stage 3 CKD, the primary outcome measure of the study (odds ratio, 0.
The retrospective study analyzed data from 249 CKD patients in Japan.