GP1BA

(redirected from CD42b antigen)

GP1BA

A gene on chromosome 17pter-p12 that encodes the alpha subunit of the Ib-V-IX system of platelet surface membrane glycoproteins, which comprise the von Willebrand factor (vWF) receptor and mediate adhesion of platelets to injured vascular surfaces with circulation, a critical event in haemostasis. The alpha subunit provides the vWF binding site.

Molecular pathology
GP1BA polymorphisms and mutations are linked to Bernard-Soulier syndromes and platelet-type von Willebrand disease.
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Platelet activation occurs during cold storage, so residual PLTs in stored blood components may give rise to MPs displaying the CD42b antigen.