Gene Locus Primer sequences Product size (bp) CCR1
Exon2 (61-481) Forward: GACTATGACACGACCACAGA 225 Reverse: GTAGATGGAGGACTTGGACCGGTAA CCR2 Exon1 (1-434) Forward: ACAGGAGCAGATGTACAG 253 Reverse: GTGATCATCCTCTCGTCTCT CCR3 Exon1 (238-780) Forward: CAGGAGGCTCCGAATTATGA 180 Reverse: ACTATGGTCTCGTGACTACC CCR4 Exon2 (118-660) Forward: CCACGGATATAGCAGACACC 450 Reverse: GAACTCCTCGGACATCTCAA CCR5 Exon2 (58-346) Forward: GGCTGAAGAGCATGACTGAC 403 Reverse: GATGGACGAGTTGGACCGGT Table 2--Concentration of purified UL128 protein.
Activation of CCR1
and CCR5 in inflammatory cells by CCL3 induces pro-inflammatory activities, such as chemotactic migration and inflammatory mediator generation.
Results from the CARAT-2 study have demonstrated clinical proof-of-concept of CCR1
inhibition in the treatment of RA," stated Thomas J.
51) Therefore, CCR1
might simply have been the wrong target in MS.
The [3-68] variant form of RANTES was subsequently found to also inhibit HIV to the same degree but to lack the same binding affinity to the CCR1
Pharmacopeia's most advanced internal programs are: dual angiotensin (AT1) and endothelin (ETA) receptor antagonists (DARA) (for cardiovascular disease); JAK3 inhibitors (immunomodulators for multiple potential indications, including transplant rejection, psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis); CCR1
antagonists (with potential application in the treatment of inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis); and adenosine A2A antagonists (with potential application in neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's and Alzheimer's).
CCR3 and CCR5 but not CCR1
expressions are unregulated in cerebellum and cerebrum of CM tissue samples.
Expression of mRNA was analyzed by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for the following: CXCL10, CCL3, CCL4, CCL5, CCR1
, CCR4, CCR5, CXCR3 and [beta]-actin.
4] Human genes: RPLPO, ribosomal protein, large, P0; PPIA, peptidylprolyl isomerase A (cyclophilin A); TNFRSF1A, tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, member 1A; CCL11, CCL17, CCL19, CCL22, CCL3, CCL4, chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 11, 17, 19, 22, 3, and 4; CL5 chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 5; CCR1
, CCR7, CCR8, chemokine (C-C motif) receptor 1, 7, and 8; CD86, CD86 molecule; CXCL12, chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 12 (stromal cell-derived factor 1); CXCL2, chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand 2; CXCR4, chemokine (C-X-C motif) receptor 4; L128, interleukin 12B (natural killer cell-stimulating factor 2, cytotoxic lymphocyte maturation factor 2, p40); IL15, IL4, IL8, interleukin 15, 4, and 8; HPRT1, hypoxanthine phosphoribosyltransferase 1; PGK1, phosphoglycerate kinase 1.
1:45: EXPRESSION AND LOCALIZATION OF RANTES AND CORRESPONDING RECEPTORS CCR1
, CCR3, AND CCR5 IN PLASMODIUM YOELII INFECTED MOUSE BRAIN, Bismark Y.