Chlamydophila pneumoniae

(redirected from C. pneumoniae)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Chla·myd·o·phil·a pneu·mo·ni·ae

(klă-midō-filă nū-mōnē-ē)
A species that causes pneumonia and upper and lower respiratorydisease. Also called Chlamydia pneumoniae (q.v.), TWAR.

Chlamydophila pneumoniae

A species of Chlamydophila that is an important cause of pneumonia, bronchitis, and sinusitis. It is believed to be transmitted from person to person by respiratory tract secretions (e.g., by airborne droplets). Most cases are mild and rarely require hospitalization. It is possible that this organism is a factor in the development of coronary artery disease.

Treatment

Treatment consists of daily tetracycline, macrolide, or fluoroquinolone for 14 to 21 days.

See also: Chlamydophila

Chlamydophila

a genus of obligately intracellular bacteria in the family Chlamydiaceae. Members were previously in the genus Chlamydia.

Chlamydophila abortus
causes enzootic abortion of ewes. Previously called Chlamydia psittaci.
Chlamydophila caviae
causes conjunctivitis in guinea pigs. Previously called Chlamydia psittaci.
Chlamydophila felis
cause of upper respiratory tract disease, principally involving conjunctivitis, in cats. Also recovered from the reproductive tract, where its pathogenic significance is uncertain. Previously called Chlamydia psittaci.
Chlamydophila pecorum
causes sporadic bovine encephalomyelitis, but also associated with enteritis, polyarthritis, pneumonia and conjunctivitis in ruminants, and reproductive tract disease in koalas. Previously classified as Chlamydia psittaci and C. pecorum. Conjunctivitis in sheep previously attributed to Colesiota conjunctivae.
Chlamydophila pneumoniae
different biovars infect horses, koalas and humans. Pathogenic significance in koalas and horses is uncertain, but in humans it is a significant cause of pneumonia. Previously classified as Chlamydia psittaci and C. pneumoniae.
Chlamydophila psittaci
cause of psittacosis and ornithosis, systemic disease of psittacine and other avian species, including domestic poultry. Zoonotic. Previously called Chlamydia psittaci.