Campylobacter jejuni

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Cam·py·lo·bac·ter je·ju·ni

a thermophilic bacterial species that causes an acute gastroenteritis of sudden onset with constitutional symptoms (malaise, myalgia, arthralgia, and headache) and cramping abdominal pain in humans; it has been associated with a demyelinating sequela, which can present with ascending paralysis. Potential sources of human infection include poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs, and dogs. This species also causes abortion in sheep.

Campylobacter jejuni

Vibrio jejuni, Campylobacter fetus ssp jejuni A curved or spiral gram-negative bacillus with a single polar flagellum Epidemiology Linked to contact with domestic and farm animals, unpasteurized milk, primates, day care centers; peaks in summer Clinical Acute gastroenteritis of abrupt onset; malaise, myalgia, headache; Sx may be accompanied by abdominal colic, N&V, anorexia, tenesmus Management Erythromycin, tetracycline, gentamicin, furazolidine, chloramphenicol

Cam·py·lo·bac·ter je·ju·ni

(kam'pi-lō-bak'tĕr je-jū'nī)
A bacterial species that causes an acute gastroenteritis of sudden onset with constitutional symptoms (malaise, myalgia, arthralgia, and headache) and cramping abdominal pain; potential sources of human infection include poultry, cattle, sheep, pigs, and dogs. Pathogen is the most frequent cause of campylobacteriosis.

Campylobacter jejuni

The commonest cause of bacterial food poisoning in Britain. See CAMPYLOBACTER ENTERITIS.

Campylobacter

a genus of bacteria, family Spirillaceae, made up of gram-negative, non-spore-forming, motile, comma-shaped rods, which are microaerophilic to anaerobic. Members of the genus were previously classified as Vibrio spp. and many of the diseases caused by these species are still referred to as vibriosis.

Campylobacter coli
a commensal of the gastrointestinal tract of poulty, pigs and humans; can cause enteritis in pigs and humans.
Campylobacter fetus subsp. fetus
causes ovine genital campylobacteriosis and abortion in sheep and cattle.
Campylobacter fetus subsp. venerealis
causes bovine vibriosis, also known as epizootic bovine infertility.
Campylobacter hyointestinalis, Campylobacter mucosalis
associated with the porcine intestinal adenomatosis complex, proliferative hemorrhagic enteropathy, necrotic enteritis.
Campylobacter jejuni
causes abortion in sheep and enteritis in dogs, cats and other animals. An important food-borne cause of enteritis in humans, and the cause of avian vibrionic hepatitis.
Campylobacter sputorum subsp. bubulus, Campylobacter sputorum biovar fecalis
found in cattle and sheep, but not known to cause disease.
Campylobacter upsaliensis
may be associated with diarrhea in dogs and humans.
References in periodicals archive ?
A cluster of erythromycin- and ciprofloxacin-resistant, tetracycline-susceptible C.
The new BAX Real Time Campylobacter assay allows: *Differentiation between the pathogenic species C.
The development of specific MAb probes and user-friendly cost-effective assay formats that can enumerate C.
Previous studies have linked foreign travel with fluoroquinolone-resistant C.
We conducted a prospective case-control study of the serotype and genotype of C.
The first set was inoculated with a 3-serovar Salmonella cocktail, and the second with C.
Scientists at the University of Georgia individually tested glycerol monolaurate, hydrogen peroxide, acetic acid, lactic acid, sodium benzoate, sodium chlorate, sodium carbonate and sodium hydroxide for their ability to inactivate C.
In a study of Campylobacter infection in northwestern England, 2003-2006, C.
Albany, CA 94710) have developed two molecular probes that seek out and bind to C.
On reception at CNRCH, isolates are tested for viability, confirmed as Campylobacter by standard phenotypic identification, and identified at the species level with phenotypic methods and real-time PCR to differentiate between C.