crush syndrome

(redirected from Bywaters syndrome)
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crush syndrome

 [krush]
the edema, oliguria, and other symptoms of renal failure that follow crushing of a part, especially a large muscle mass, causing the release of myoglobin. See also rhabdomyolysis.

crush syn·drome

the shocklike state that follows release of a limb or limbs or the trunk and pelvis after a prolonged period of compression, as by a heavy weight; characterized by suppression of renal function, probably the result of damage to the renal tubules by myoglobin from the damaged muscles. Synonym(s): compression syndrome
See also: crush kidney.

crush syndrome

Etymology: ME, crushen
a severe, life-threatening condition caused by extensive crushing trauma, characterized by destruction of muscle and bone tissue, hemorrhage, and fluid loss resulting in hypovolemic shock, hematuria, renal failure, and coma. Massive supportive therapy, including fluids, electrolytes, antibiotics, analgesia, oxygen, and intensive care with close monitoring of all vital functions, is usually necessary.
A condition caused by prolonged and continuous external pressure on the limbs, resulting in disintegration of muscle and influx of myolytic products into the circulation
Lab Increased K+, purines, phosphates, lactic acid, thromboplastin, creatine kinase, creatine, BUN, hemoglobinuria, myoglobinuria

crush syndrome

Traumatic rhabdomyolysis Traumatology A condition that results from prolonged and continuous external pressure on the limbs, which reflects the disintegration of muscle and influx of myolytic products into the circulation Lab ↑ K+, purines, phosphates, lactic acid, thromboplastin, creatine kinase, creatine, BUN, hemoglobinuria, myoglobinuria

crush syn·drome

(krŭsh sin'drōm)
The shocklike state that follows release of a limb or limbs or the trunk and pelvis after a prolonged period of compression, as by a heavy weight; characterized by suppression of urine, probably the result of damage to the renal tubules by myoglobin from the damaged muscles.
Synonym(s): compression syndrome (1) .

crush syndrome

A dangerous condition that may follow a severe crushing injury, especially if large muscles are involved. Much muscle haemoglobin is released into the blood and this seriously damages the kidneys leading to kidney failure. There is also SHOCK from fluid and blood loss.

Bywaters,

Eric George Lapthorne, English rheumatologist, 1910–.
Bywaters syndrome - lower nephron nephrosis. Synonym(s): crush syndrome

crush syndrome

the edema, oliguria and other clinical signs of renal failure that follow crushing of a part, especially a large muscle mass, causing the release of myoglobin. See also lower nephron nephrosis.