butanoic acid

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Related to Butanoate: Ethyl butanoate

bu·ta·no·ic ac·id

(byū'tă-nō'ik as'id),
Systematic name for normal n-butyric acid.

butanoic acid

(byo͞o′tə-nō′ĭk)

butanoic acid

butyric acid

Chemistry
An oily carboxylic acid which smells like rancid butter, has an acrid taste and a sweetish aftertaste, like ether. It is present in rancid butter, parmesan cheese and vomit, and is produced in anaerobic fermentation by bacteria in the colon and axilla (resulting in body odour). It is used as a flavourant, perfume additive and cattle-feed supplement.

Fringe oncology
It is believed to have anticarcinogenic activity, especially the derivative, sodium butyrate.
References in periodicals archive ?
This study showed that the S-HS optimized extraction technique was effective to recovery high concentrations of characteristics major volatile compounds in the passion fruit, such as ethyl butanoate and ethyl hexanoate, which can be advantageous due to the simplicity of the method.
In addition, we found greater transcript levels in liver for all enzymes of butanoate metabolism (such as butyryl Coenzyme A synthetase 1, enoyl Coenzyme A hydratase, hydroxyacyl-Coenzyme A dehydrogenase, and aldehyde dehydrogenase 1) as well as all five alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) isoforms for metabolizing ethanol and retinol.
calamus were 4-terpineol, 2-allyl-5-ethoxy-4-methoxyphenol, epieudesmin, lysidine, spathulenol, borneol, furylethyl ketone, nonanoic acid, 2,2,5,5tetramethyl-3-hexanol, bornyl acetate, galgravin, retusin, (9E,12E,15E)-9,12,15-octadecatrien-l-ol, butyl butanoate, geranyl acetate, sakuranin, acetic acid, camphor, isoelemicin, a-ursolic acid, acetophenone, dehydroabietic acid, isoeugenol methylether, apigenin 4',7-dimethyl ether, dehydrodiisoeugenol, linalool, elemicin, linolenic acid (Balakumbahan et al.
The investigators found ethyl butanoate, ethyl hexanoate, linalool, 2-heptanone, ionone, 2-heptanol, hexanal, cis-3-hexenol, trans-2-hexenol and furaneol to be the major aroma compounds in Black Diamond.
Methyl-2,3-diacetoxy-4-oxo-4-(4`-methylphenyl amino) butanoate (3) The compound methyl-2,3-diacetoxy-4-oxo4-(4`-methylphenyl amino) butanoate (3) was synthesized by using L (+)-2,3-diacetoxy-4-methoxy- 4-oxo-butanoic acid and para-toluidine by the general procedure as described above.