burst fracture


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burst fracture

Etymology: ME, bersten + L, fractura, break
any fracture that disperses multiple bone fragments, usually at or near the end of a bone. It frequently occurs in a vertebra.
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Burst fracture of the third lumbar vertebra
A traumatic injury caused by high-energy axial loading due to falls from heights or MVAs/RTAs, resulting in vertebral body fractures which may shatter from the force, resulting in an unstable spinal cord with a high risk of paralysis below the region of the fracture
Diagnosis CT, MRI, neurosurgical consultation
Management Clear bone from region, spinal fusion, rehabilitation

com·pres·sion frac·ture

(kŏm-presh'ŭn frak'shŭr)
Breakage causing loss of height of the vertebral body either by trauma or by pathology. It occurs most commonly in thoracic and lumbar spines. A common sequela of osteoporosis.
Synonym(s): burst fracture.

burst fracture

A vertebral fracture similar to a compression fracture but typically more severe and involving displacement of the bony fragments.
See: compression fracture
See also: fracture
References in periodicals archive ?
The management of thoracolumbar burst fractures is continually changing with advances in technology.
In treating burst fractures of the thoracolumbar spine, the Verte-Span expandable cage avoids complications associated with bone grafts, device failure, and subsidence as seen with the titanium mesh cage, while offering the advantage of an adjustable height mechanism that allows firm implantation, vertebral height alignment and restoration, and ease of insertion.
Combined anterior plus posterior stabilization versus posterior shortsegment instrumentation and fusion for mid-lumbar (L2-L4) burst fractures.
Deficits of the perianal area, which were observed in our patient, are uncommon for L1 and L2 burst fractures.
Sexual dysfunction in men with paraparesis in lumbar burst fractures.
Burst fractures were also commonly found with this mechanism of injury.
The most common are burst fractures of the vertebral body in the thoracolumbar region.
It is important for neurological and orthopaedic spine surgeons to have other (or better) options when reducing, distracting and correcting burst fractures in the thoracolumbar region.
It is a new implant system for the treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures, tumors, disc degeneration and other pathologies of the anterior spine.