Burkholderia pseudomallei


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Burkholderia pseudomallei

a species found in cases of melioidosis in humans and other animals and in soil and water in tropical regions. New name for Pseudomonas pseudomallei.

Burkholderia pseudomallei

a species that inhabits water and soil and causes melioidosis. Infection is spread via contact with a contaminated source and is a predominant disease of tropical climates. The species is a potential agent for bioterrorism. See also melioidosis.

Burkholderia pseudomallei

A gram-negative Pseudomonas-like bacillus found in the environment—e.g., plants, water, and soil of the tropics and subtropics—which is not part of normal human flora, but may be acquired by inhalation or direct inoculation through disrupted skin.

Clinical findings
Human disease ranges from asymptomatic to melioidosis, which is characterised by multifocal abscesses, pneumonia, septicaemia and shock. It has a 20–50% mortality rate.

Burkholderia pseudomallei

Pseudomonas pseudomallei Bacteriology A Pseudomonas-like bacterium Clinical Ranges from asymptomatic to melioidosis; skin infection and multifocal abscesses, URI, septicemia and shock

Burk·hol·der·i·a pseu·do·mal·le·i

(bŭrk-hol-der'ē-ă sū-dō-mal'ē-ī)
A bacterial species found in cases of melioidosis in humans and other animals and in soil and water in tropical regions.

Burkholderia

a genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria.

Burkholderia mallei
the causative agent of glanders, a disease of horses that is communicable to humans. Previously called Pseudomonas mallei.
Burkholderia pseudomallei
the causative agent of melioidosis, a disease of rodents occasionally transmitted to all domestic animal species and humans. Formerly called Pseudomonas pseudomallei.
References in periodicals archive ?
Natural infection of Burkholderia pseudomallei in an imported pigtail macaque (Macaca nemstrina) and management of the exposed colony.
Advanced Life Sciences is developing Restanza as a broad spectrum medical countermeasure for biodefense to combat multiple high priority bioterror agents, such as Bacillus anthracis (anthrax), Fransicella tularensis (tularemia), Yersinia pestis (plague) and Burkholderia pseudomallei (melioidosis).
Burkholderia pseudomallei is the causative agent of the disease melioidosis.
His research interests are the epidemiology of melioidosis and Burkholderia pseudomallei in the environment.
Potential misidentification of Burkholderia pseudomallei by API 20NE.
Rapid identification of Burkholderia mallei and Burkholderia pseudomallei by intact cell matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation mass spectrometric typing.
Melioidosis in birds and Burkholderia pseudomallei dispersal, Australia.
Herbert Schweizer, Professor and Associate Program Director, Rocky Mountain Regional Center of Excellence for Biodefense and Emerging Infectious Diseases Research, Colorado State University stated, "Our initial evaluation of cethromycin against Burkholderia pseudomallei shows that it is very active and may have a more favorable resistance profile than other approved antibiotics in treating melioidosis.
To the Editor: Melioidosis is an emerging zoonosis caused by a highly invasive and drug-resistant bacterium, Burkholderia pseudomallei, that is found in soil and is endemic to Southeast Asia and the Pacific region.
Use of 16S rRNA gene sequencing for rapid identification and differentiation of Burkholderia pseudomallei and B.
Antibiotic susceptibility of Burkholderia pseudomallei from tropical northern Australia and implications for therapy of melioidosis.
Melioidosis is caused by the Gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei (Bps).