Burkholderia mallei


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Burkholderia mallei

a bacterial species infectious to horses and donkeys, causing glanders and farcy.
Synonym(s): Pseudomonas mallei

Burkholderia mallei

a nonmotile species that causes glanders. It is primarily a disease of horses, mules, and donkeys but may also infect humans and other animals. It is a potential agent for bioterrorism.

Burkholderia mallei

A gram-negative bacterium which causes glanders in horses, donkeys and mules; it is not part of normal human flora.

Clinical findings
Human disease is rare, and follows exposure of mucocutaneous surfaces (eyes, mouth, nose) or skin cuts to infected animals, resulting in fever, skin abscesses, pneumonia and septicaemia, which, if untreated, is often fatal.

Burk·hol·der·i·a mal·le·i

(bŭrk-hol-der'ē-ă mal'ē-ī)
A bacterial species infectious to horses and donkeys, causing glanders and farcy.
Synonym(s): Pseudomonas mallei.

Burkholderia

a genus of gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria.

Burkholderia mallei
the causative agent of glanders, a disease of horses that is communicable to humans. Previously called Pseudomonas mallei.
Burkholderia pseudomallei
the causative agent of melioidosis, a disease of rodents occasionally transmitted to all domestic animal species and humans. Formerly called Pseudomonas pseudomallei.
References in periodicals archive ?
van Rotterdam, "Multiplex qPCR for reliable detection and differentiation of Burkholderia mallei and Burkholderia pseudomallei'" BMC Infectious Diseases, vol.
Dow, "Development of Burkholderia mallei and pseudomallei vaccines," Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, vol.
Summary of specimens and testing for agents of bioterrorism ORGANISM SPECIMENS (VARIES WITH SYMPTOMS) Bacillus anthracis Blood, vesicular fluid, skin scrapings, sputum, rectal swab or feces Clostridium botulinum Feces, enema, gastric aspirate, (toxin) serum (3 ml minimum), tissue Brucella species Blood, bone marrow, liver, spleen, joint fluid, serum Francisella tularensis Blood, respiratory, tissues, serology Yersinia pestis Blood, lower respiratory, tissue; liver, spleen bone marrow, serum Burkholderia mallei Blood, respiratory, tissues, serum Burkholderia pseudomallei Blood, respiratory, tissues, serum, urine Staphylococcus aureus Nasal wash, induced sputum, urine, (enterotoxin B producer) feces, gastric aspirate, post-mortem tissue, serum, S.
fungorum presumably mimics the growth characteristic of Burkholderia mallei, essential for the bacterium's survival, proliferation, and evasion of host adaptive immune responses (10).
Glanders is an infectious disease - caused by infection with the bacterium Burkholderia mallei - usually by ingestion of contaminated food or water that occurs primarily in horses and can be easily spread.
Glanders is an infectious disease caused by the bacterium burkholderia mallei that occurs primarily in horses and it has spread across the kingdom.
Glanders is caused by Burkholderia mallei and is communicable to humans but should not be confused with human melioidosis, caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei.
Rapid identification of Burkholderia mallei and Burkholderia pseudomallei by intact cell matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionisation mass spectrometric typing.
Glanders, a World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE)-listed disease, is a contagious, life-threatening disease of equids caused by the gram-negative bacterium Burkholderia mallei (1).
It is caused by the bacterium Burkholderia mallei, an obligate pathogen of horses, donkeys, and mules (Equidae), with occasional infections in felines, canines, and humans (2,3).