nanotechnology

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Related to Buckytube: Carbon Nanotubes

nanotechnology

[-teknol′əjē]
technology at the level of atoms, molecules, and molecular fragments, including manipulating them and creating new structures.

nanotechnology

(nă″nō-tĕk-nŏl′ŏ-jē) [L. nanus, dwarf, + Gr. technē, art, + logos, word, reason]
The scientific study and engineering of chemical or biological objects measuring between 1 and 1000 nanometers. Objects this small are about the size of atoms or small molecules. “Wet” nanotechnology is the manipulation of organic or biological compounds in solution. “Dry” nanotechnology is the engineering of objects on silicon or carbon surfaces, such as those used in computing.

nanotechnology

The application of the science of manipulation at an atomic level. The practical applications of the ability to move single atoms so as to construct molecules, materials, structures and even functioning machines at an atomic level. Nanotechnology is currently at a germinal stage but is expected to have extensive applications in medicine. See also MAGNETIC NANOPARTICLES.
References in periodicals archive ?
Some of the materials and processes with space applications include nanoparticles (ultrafine powders); carbon nanotubes or buckytubes (strips of graphite rolled up into a cylinder, 40 to 60 times stronger than industrial steel); nanolithography (a process used to make electronic microchips); nanomanipulation (the ability to manipulate on the nanoscale which has been done in two dimensions for over a decade and scientists are now working toward third dimension); nanoelectronics (the most advanced capabilities that can be synthesized by self-assembly); nanomemories (the process of reading and writing data at molecular densities); nanobatteries; and the process of self-assembly (atomically precise pieces sticking together using chemistry or molecular biology).
To start with, researchers have to deal with such problems as the lack of uniformity in buckytube sizes and the potential difficulty of separating filled from empty tubes.
Ever since chemists discovered buckytubes (SN: 11/16/91, p.
Single-wall carbon nanotubes, also known as Buckytubes, are the ultimate engineering polymer, 100 times stronger than steel at less than one sixth the weight.
Single-wall carbon nanotubes (SWNTs), also known as Buckytubes, are the ultimate engineering polymer, 100 times the strength of steel at less than one sixth the weight.
The company is actively developing new processes and applications for Buckytubes in its own laboratories and those of industrial partners and has become the leading manufacturer of single-wall carbon nanotubes from its pilot plant in Houston.