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the Malayan filaria species, an important agent of human filariasis and elephantiasis in Southeast Asia and Indonesia, transmitted to humans by species of Mansonia and Anopheles mosquitoes; adult parasites cause lymphangitis and lymphadenitis, but with less involvement of the genital region and lower limbs, and a relatively greater incidence of disease in the upper limbs than with Wuchereria bancrofti infection. Formerly called Wuchereriamalayi.
Brugia malayiA roundworm (nematode), the microfilaria of which primarily inhabit blood vessels and lymphatics—where it causes lymphatic microfilariasis—as well as in muscle, connective tissue and serous cavities.
Brugian filariasis is primarily a disease of rural South East Asia, infecting ±13 million in the region. It is transmitted by Mansonia, Anopheles and Aedes mosquitos, which serve as both vector and intermediate host.