Brudzinski's sign


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Brudzinski's sign: Kernig's sign, meningitis

Brudzinski's sign

 [broo-jin´skēz]
1. in meningitis, bending the patient's neck usually produces flexion of the knee and hip.
2. in meningitis, passive flexion of the lower limb on one side causes a similar movement in the opposite limb.

Brudzinski's sign

[bro̅o̅dzin′skēz]
Etymology: Josef Brudzinski, Polish physician, 1874-1917
an involuntary flexion of the hip and knee when the neck is passively flexed. It can occur in patients with meningitis. Compare Kernig's sign.
enlarge picture
Brudzinski's sign
References in periodicals archive ?
Diagnostic Accuracy of Classic Signs of Meningitis in 297 Patients Sensitivity Specificity PPV (*) NPV (**) Kernig's sign 5% 95% 27% 72% Brudzinski's sign 5% 95% 27% 72% Nuchal rigidity 30% 68% 26% 73% (*)Positive predictive value.
Findings on cardiovascular, pulmonary, abdominal, and neurologic examinations were normal, including negative Kernig's and Brudzinski's signs.
Kernig's or Brudzinski's signs were present in 19% (n=20) and terminal neck stiffness was felt in 36% (n=38).