Bronsted base


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Brøn·sted base

(bron'sted),
any molecule or ion that combines with a proton, for example, OH-, CN-, NH3; this definition replaces the older and more limited concepts of base (3) (q.v.).

Brønsted base

Etymology: Johannes N. Brønsted
a molecule or an ion that acts as a hydrogen ion acceptor.

Brøn·sted base

(brŭn'shtet bās)
Any molecule or ion that combines with a proton; e.g., OH-, CN-, NH3; this definition replaces the older and more limited concepts of base (3).

Brønsted,

Johannes N., Danish physical chemist, 1879-1947.
Brønsted acid - an acid that is a proton donor.
Brønsted base - any molecule or ion that combines with a proton.
Brønsted theory - that an acid is a substance, charged or uncharged, liberating hydrogen ions in solution, and that a base is a substance that removes them from solution.
References in periodicals archive ?
Protic ILs have the additional advantage that the proton activity can be adjusted by the choice of Bronsted base and Bronsted acid used in their formation (Byrne & Angell 2008).
The (A) sites act as Bronsted bases while the (B) sites act as Bronsted acids.
PILs, consisting of combinations of Bronst- ed acids and bases, are a subset of ILs, the Bronsted bases function as acceptors of the protons of the Bronsted acids and thus act as proton-carriers in the liquids.