breakthrough infection


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breakthrough infection

Immunology An infection by the same organism that a vaccine is designed to protect against; BIs may be caused by exposure to the organism before the vaccine took effect, or before the entire vaccine was administered. See Booster.

breakthrough infection

An infection that occurs despite previous vaccination.
See also: infection
References in periodicals archive ?
Despite breakthrough infection still occurring, HBV-related complications such as cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma in the next generation may be minimized as much as possible through a well-conducted surveillance and secondary preventive system with good antiviral therapies," they noted.
were frequently nonsusceptible to azoles and echinocandins and were commonly associated with breakthrough infections and high mortality rates.
Despite the success of the adenovirus vaccine administered to US military trainees, acute respiratory disease (ARD) surveillance still detected breakthrough infections (respiratory illnesses associated with the adenovirus serotypes specifically targeted by the vaccine).
A strong case exists for the implementation of a birth dose of hepatitis B vaccine in addition to the current schedule, as recommended by the WHO, to decrease the risk of perinatal transmission, prevent breakthrough infections, and decrease HBsAg carriage in HIV-positive babies.
10) Data on posaconazole are emerging but breakthrough infections in immunocompromised hosts have been reported.
In that population, breakthrough infections occur in only about 0%-7% of individuals more than 20 years after vaccination, and most of those are asymptomatic.
In that population, breakthrough infections occur in only 0%-7% of individuals more than 20 years after vaccination, and most of those are asymptomatic.
Fifty-nine percent discontinued the therapy because IV access was no longer needed, 7% died from non IC-related causes, 2% transferred to other hospitals, 2% had breakthrough infections, and 1% had transient elevation of liver transaminases, which resolved when FP was discontinued, Dr.
However, the reduction in incidence has reached a plateau in the last 4-5 years and breakthrough infections continue to occur in states with high immunization coverage.
Current guidelines recommend treating VUR initially with prophylactic antibiotics and considering surgery for patients with breakthrough infections on prophylactic antibiotics, high-grade reflux, development of new renal scarring, or inability to comply with long-term antibiotics.