brassica

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brassica

(brăs′ĭ-kă) [L. “cabbage”]
The family of vegetables that includes broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, and cauliflower.

brassica

any member of the family Brassicaceae or Cruciferae, particularly members of the genus Brassica, e.g. cabbage, swede.

Brassica

a genus of plants of the Brassicaceae (Cruciferae) family containing a large number of cultivated plants eaten by humans and food animals. Poisoning with them is rare but under particular growing conditions and if the diet consists almost entirely of the one plant some massive outbreaks of poisoning can occur.
Poisoning syndromes attributed to Brassica spp. include hemolytic anemia (kale anemia) caused by SMCO, goiter from glucosinolates, nitrate/nitrite, photosensitization, blindness (polioencephalomalacia), respiratory distress and rumen stasis.
Includes B. campestris (B. rapa), B. hirta (Sinapis alba), B. juncea (Indian or leaf mustard), B. kaber (Sinapis arvensis), B. napus var. napus (B. napus), B. sinapistrum (Sinapis arvensis).

Brassica alba
annual weed; the seed is used, together with that of B. nigra, to make commercial mustard. The seed, stubble or plant in pod can cause gastroenteritis with signs of abdominal pain, salivation and diarrhea. The toxin is a mixture of isothiocyanates called mustard oil. The enzyme myrosinase is needed to activate the oil and produce irritant effect. Oil cake containing the oil may be nontoxic because myrosinase is inactivated but can become toxic if animal has access to alternative source of the enzyme simultaneously.
Brassica napobrassica
swede turnip.
Brassica napus
rape or canola.
Brassica nigra
seeds are used in mixtures with B. alba in the manufacture of commercial mustard powder. Can cause poisoning as for B. alba (see above).
Brassica oleracea
the commercial vegetables and cultivated fodder plants. Includes B. o. var. acephala (kale, cole, chou moellier), B. o. var. botrytis (cauliflower), B. o. var. capitata (cabbage), B. o. var. gemmifera (Brussel sprouts), B. o. var. italica (broccoli, calabrese).
Brassica rapa
turnip.
Brassica rapa subsp. campestris
turnip rape.
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, brassicas do not need to be ripe to consume--you can eat their sprouts or leaves at any stage of growth.
As the brassica and wheat decompose it adds very high-quality fertilizer to the soil.
Key words: Brassica carinata, aphids, infestation, photosynthesis rate, Brevicoryne brassicae, Lipaphis erysimi.
Keeping in view strong direct effect of total glucosinolates and moderate direct effect of linolenic acid, these quality parameters could also serve for the selection of lines with low erucic acid in Brassica breeding programs.
1997--Overview of the Brassica oleracaea complex: their distribution and ecological specificities--In: Valdes, B.
Brassicas are among the easiest to grow from seed and least affected by disease.
Longevity of injury in Brassica caused by aphids, affects by the favorable conditions and finally cause yield reduction in crops (Chattopadhyay et al.
It is high in calcium, like other brassicas, and it also has high levels of vitamins A and C.
Another advantage is that brassicas will grow on poor ground, providing the pH range is between 5.
Planting brassicas in a seed bed might be slower but you'll get stronger plants as they've grown through colder days.
Genetics, genomics and breeding of oilseed Brassicas.