Brachyspira pilosicoli

Brachyspira pilosicoli

An extremely slow-growing and fastidious gram-negative, oxygen-tolerant, anaerobic spirochete, which colonises many animal species. It is commonly (circa 30%) isolated from the faeces of people of developing countries and in HIV+ patients and male homosexuals in Western societies, and often isolated from patients with intestinal spirochaetosis.

Brachyspira

a genus of anaerobic intestinal bacteria in the order Spirochaetaceae. Formerly Serpulina. Some species were previously in the genus Treponema.

Brachyspira aalborgi
infects primates, but its pathogenic significance is uncertain.
Brachyspira alvinipulli
a cause of diarrhea in adult chickens.
Brachyspira hyodysenteriae
the cause of swine dysentery. Previously called Serpulina hyodysenteriae and Treponema hyodysenteriae.
Brachyspira intermedia
a cause of diarrhea in adult chickens.
Brachyspira pilosicoli
causes intestinal or colonic spirochetosis, a mild colitis and diarrhea in weaner and grower pigs and of wet litter and reduced egg production in adult chickens.
References in periodicals archive ?
Two distinct groups have been identified to predominantly colonize human colorectum: Brachyspira Aalborgi and Brachyspira Pilosicoli.
48) In humans, intestinal spirochetosis is thought to be caused predominantly by Brachyspira aalborgi and Brachyspira pilosicoli.
PCR detection of Brachyspira aalborgi and Brachyspira pilosicoli in human faeces.