Brachyspira

Brachyspira

(brā″kē-spī′ră) [″ + spir(ochete)]
A genus of spirochete that occasionally colonizes the lower gastrointestinal tract. It causes dysentery in animals such as dogs or pigs and has been identified as a cause of human disease, e.g., abdominal cramping, diarrhea, and rectal bleeding.

Brachyspira

a genus of anaerobic intestinal bacteria in the order Spirochaetaceae. Formerly Serpulina. Some species were previously in the genus Treponema.

Brachyspira aalborgi
infects primates, but its pathogenic significance is uncertain.
Brachyspira alvinipulli
a cause of diarrhea in adult chickens.
Brachyspira hyodysenteriae
the cause of swine dysentery. Previously called Serpulina hyodysenteriae and Treponema hyodysenteriae.
Brachyspira intermedia
a cause of diarrhea in adult chickens.
Brachyspira pilosicoli
causes intestinal or colonic spirochetosis, a mild colitis and diarrhea in weaner and grower pigs and of wet litter and reduced egg production in adult chickens.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hines has also discovered that species of the spirochetal organisms Leptospira and Brachyspira cause infection and symptoms that can be just as severe as those that are usually implicated in chronic Lyme.
The etiologic agents of intestinal spirochetosis are members of the genus Brachyspira (formerly Serpulina and Treponema).
A 3-step method was used to establish the distribution of spirochetes in rice-water stool: 1) the presence of spirochetes in rice-water stool was determined by using dark-field microscopy; 2) the diversity of Brachyspira spp.
Changes in bacterial community structure in the colon of pigs fed different experimental diets and after infection with Brachyspira hyodysenteriae.
The role of Brachyspira species in the etiology of increased mortality observed in 2 breeder goose flocks (Flock A consisting of 1500 and Flock B comprising 4500 laying geese) at the end of the first egg-laying season, in the period of molting, was studied.
To the Editor: Anaerobic intestinal spirochetes of the genus Brachyspira colonize the large intestine (1).
9] The 2 best-characterized human species are Brachyspira aalborgi and Serpulina pilosicoli.
islandica fell together with spirochete clones from microbial mats from the Ebro Delta (AY605168) and were distantly related to Brachyspira innocence (M57744) in the genus Brachyspira.
All identified spirochete clones fell into 2 families: the Spirochaetaceae with 2 genera, Cristispira and Spirochaeta, and the Brachyspiraceae, with the genus Brachyspira.
Brachyspira Piloscoli bloodstreem infections: a case report and review of the literature.
48) In humans, intestinal spirochetosis is thought to be caused predominantly by Brachyspira aalborgi and Brachyspira pilosicoli.
Contaminants Organochlorines Lead Mercury Disease testing Hematology Serum biochemistry Fecal and tracheal cultures General bacterial screen Coxiella burnetti Paramyxovirus-1 Avian influenza-A Sarcocystis Mycobacterium Chlamydophila psittaci Salmonella Brachyspira Mycoplasma Adenovirus