brachial plexus injury


Also found in: Acronyms, Wikipedia.

brachial plexus injury

in obstetrics, damage to the brachial plexus related to delivery; associated with excessive lateral stretching of the head, typically in cases of shoulder dystocia or breech deliveries.
See also: brachial birth palsy.

obstetric brachial plexus palsy

A specific type of brachial plexus injury caused by mechanical injury during a difficult childbirth, due either to excessive lateral flexion of the head on the trunk during delivery of the shoulders (shoulder dystocia), or delivery of the head in a traction injury to one or more components of the brachial plexus, resulting in stretching of the plexus.

brachial plexus injury

Obstetrics The squashing of the brachial plexus, almost always due to a shoulder dystocia in a vaginal delivery, which is often associated with transient paralysis See Operative vaginal delivery.

bra·chi·al plex·us in·ju·ry

(brā'kē-ăl plek'sŭs in'jŭr-ē)
Damage to the brachial plexus related to delivery; associated with excessive lateral stretching of the head, typically in cases of shoulder dystocia or breech deliveries.
References in periodicals archive ?
Hemi-contralateral C7 transfer to median nerve in the treatment of root avulsion brachial plexus injury.
Transfer of the trapezius for flail shoulder after brachial plexus injury.
Keywords: Brachial plexus injury, Nerve transfer, Nerve conduction studies.
Most of the infants with brachial plexus injury weighed more than 3,000 g, but the number of macrosomic babies in the overall study population was 4.
While the drills improved teamwork and communication, they did not result in decreased brachial plexus injury rates, Dr.
At the end of the Brachial Plexus Family day, the teens presented the posters to their parents, caregivers and the younger children to encourage all participants that it is possible to overcome the perceived barriers of living with a brachial plexus injury.
The concept that placental insufficiency produces a brachial plexus injury by oxygen deprivation has not been supported by further reports.
Nerve transfer to biceps muscle using a part of the ulnar nerve in brachial plexus injury (upper arm type): a report of 32 cases.
He further opined that the maternal forces of labor did not cause Erbs palsy and the brachial plexus injury.
Erb's palsy is the most common type of neonatal brachial plexus injury and occurs when the nerves that control the shoulder and elbow are damaged.
The diagnosis of bilateral shoulder dislocation with brachial plexus injury was made on clinical examination and the finding on a plain radiograph that both humeral heads were in a subcoracoid position (Fig.
Computed tomography demonstrated a brachial plexus injury involving nerve root avulsions from cervical level 5 to thoracic level 1 (Figures 7-8).