Bowman capsule


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Bowman capsule: nephron, loop of Henle, Proximal convoluted tubule

glo·mer·u·lar cap·sule

[TA]
the expanded beginning of a nephron composed of inner and outer layers: the visceral layer consists of podocytes that surround a tuft of capillaries (glomerulus); the parietal layer is simple squamous epithelium that becomes cuboid at the tubular pole.

glo·mer·u·lus

, pl. glomeruli (glō-meryū-lŭs, -lī)
1. A plexus of capillaries.
2. A tuft formed of capillary loops at the beginning of each nephric tubule in the kidney; this tuft with its capsule constitutes the renal corpusculum (malpighian body).
3. The twisted secretory portion of a sweat gland.
4. A cluster of dendritic ramifications and axon terminals forming a complex synaptic relationship and surrounded by a glial sheath.
Synonym(s): Bowman capsule, glomerule.
[Mod. L. dim. of L. glomus, a ball of yarn]

Bowman,

Sir William, English ophthalmologist, anatomist, and physiologist, 1816-1892.
Bowman capsule - the expanded beginning of a nephron. Synonym(s): glomerular capsule
Bowman disk - disk resulting from transverse segmentation of striated muscular fiber treated with weak acids, certain alkaline solutions, or freezing.
Bowman eye knife
Bowman gland
Bowman iris needle
Bowman iris scissors
Bowman lacrimal dilator
Bowman lacrimal probe
Bowman membrane - Synonym(s): anterior limiting layer of cornea
Bowman muscle - Synonym(s): ciliary muscle
Bowman probe - a double-ended probe for the lacrimal duct.
Bowman space - the slitlike space between the visceral and parietal layers of the capsule of the renal corpuscle. Synonym(s): capsular space
Bowman strabismus scissors
Bowman theory - that urine is formed by passive filtration through the glomeruli and secretion by the epithelium of the tubules.

glo·mer·u·lus

, pl. glomeruli (glō-meryū-lŭs, -lī)
1. A plexus of capillaries.
2. A tuft formed of capillary loops at the beginning of each nephric tubule in the kidney.
3. The twisted secretory portion of a sweat gland.
Synonym(s): Bowman capsule.
[Mod. L. dim. of L. glomus, a ball of yarn]
References in periodicals archive ?
Electron microscopy demonstrates the presence of subendothelial or mesangial immune deposits in type-I MPGN and dense-black, intramembranous, ribbonlike deposits in the GBMs, Bowman capsules, and tubular basement membranes in the type-II form of MPGN (Figure 5).
neglecta caused tubular damage in some regions, but no damage and/or change was observed in the structure of glomeruli and Bowman capsule as the most important parts of the kidneys.
Biochemical and histopathologic investigations of this study indicated that prostodin caused increased blood serum creatinine and urea and Bowman capsule diameter, decreased urinary space, as well as glomerular dilation (glomerular hypertrophy), resulting in disorder in renal function, lack of proper blood treatment, and finally further increase in serum creatinine.