Mycobacterium bovis

(redirected from Bovine TB)

My·co·bac·te·ri·um bo·'vis

a bacterial species that is the primary cause of tuberculosis in cattle; transmissible to humans and other animals, causing tuberculosis.
Synonym(s): tubercle bacillus (2)

Mycobacterium bovis

a species of bacteria that causes tuberculosis in cattle and other animals and is transmitted to humans by the ingestion of raw milk contaminated by the microorganism.

Mycobacterium bovis

A mycobacterium that causes a TB-like infection in cows; before pasteurization was common, M bovis spread to humans via contaminated milk

My·co·bac·te·ri·um bo·vis

(mī'kō-bak-tēr'ē-ŭm bō'vis)
A bacterial species that is the primary cause of tuberculosis in cattle; transmissible to humans and other animals, causing tuberculosis.
Synonym(s): tubercle bacillus (2) .

Mycobacterium

the only genus in the family Mycobacteriaceae of bacteria; slender acid-fast rods which may be straight or slightly curved. They may produce filaments or cocci. The most serious disease caused by members of this genus is tuberculosis. M. fortuitum, M. chelonea, M. marinum are listed as causes of piscine tuberculosis. Other species, including M. aquae, M. kansasii and M. scrofulaceum, may occasionally cause disease in a number of different species.

Mycobacterium avium
found mostly in birds but occasionally also in other animals and in humans. The tubercle bacillus of birds, it causes avian tuberculosis.
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis
causes Johne's disease in cattle, sheep, goats, deer and camelids. Previously called M. johnei and M. paratuberculosis.
Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare
complex see M. intracellulare (below).
Mycobacterium bovis
the tubercle bacillus of the bovine, it causes tuberculosis in many animal species and humans.
Mycobacterium chelonei, Mycobacterium fortuitum, Mycobacterium phlei, Mycobacterium smegmatis, Mycobacterium thermoresistible
cause disease in a number of animal species, including mastitis in cattle and cutaneous mycobacterial granuloma in cats and dogs. See also opportunist (atypical) mycobacteria.
Mycobacterium farcinogenes, Mycobacterium senegalense
associated with bovine farcy.
Mycobacterium genovense
causes mycobacteriosis in birds.
Mycobacterium intracellulare
found in tuberculin-positive cattle and causes limited lymph node lesions in pigs. Closely related to M. avium and also described as M. avium-intracellulare complex.
Mycobacterium johnei
see M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis (above).
Mycobacterium kansasii
causes tuberculosis-like disease in pigs, deer and cattle.
Mycobacterium leprae
the cause of leprosy in humans.
Mycobacterium lepraemurium
causes murine and feline leprosy.
Mycobacterium marinum
found in water, it causes tuberculosis in fish and skin ulcers in humans.
Mycobacterium microti
the vole bacillus; lesions sometimes occur in other species.
Mycobacterium paratuberculosis
previously called M. johnei. See M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis (above).
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
the tubercle bacillus of humans, but found also in monkeys and pigs, and rarely in cattle, dogs and parrots.
Mycobacterium ulcerans
causes skin ulcers in humans and cats.
Mycobacterium xenopi
causes mycobacterial granuloma in cats and lymph node lesions in pigs.
References in periodicals archive ?
The call comes after the most recent Welsh Government figures show that 725 badgers found dead were tested for bovine TB in Wales from September 2014 to August 2017.
APLAN to "stamp out" bovine TB by 2038 has been unveiled by Farming Minister George Eustice.
The Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs (DAERA) today launched a public consultation on a range of proposals to work towards the eradication of bovine TB in Northern Ireland.
TARGETED badgers culls are being considered as the Welsh Government ramps up its bovine TB eradication programme in Wales.
As part of the two-year grant, the company will use its patented DPP technology to undertake to develop a simple, rapid, accurate and cost-effective test for bovine TB in cattle.
Thus, bovine TB eradication plans across the Americas are based on the elimination of any cattle with a positive tuberculin skin test (TST) result (5).
Although not binding, the vote is a blow to ministers who say the culls are vital to reduce the risk of bovine TB.
The science behind badger culling is hotly debated and I could fill the entire newspaper and not cover all the arguments but it does seem clear that badgers do carry Bovine TB and it seems likely that badgers could be a source of spread of the disease and a reservoir of infection.
May, 66, has accused ministers of going "hell for leather for the slaughter" in their bid to stop the spread of bovine TB, ignoring humane alternatives such as vaccination.
Queen star Brian May yesterday urged the Government to stop "monstrous" plans to cull thousands of badgers in a bid to tackle bovine TB.
A North Wales AM appealed to ministers yesterday to speed up action to eradicate bovine TB in cattle.

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