Mycobacterium bovis

(redirected from Bovine TB)

My·co·bac·te·ri·um bo·'vis

a bacterial species that is the primary cause of tuberculosis in cattle; transmissible to humans and other animals, causing tuberculosis.
Synonym(s): tubercle bacillus (2)

Mycobacterium bovis

a species of bacteria that causes tuberculosis in cattle and other animals and is transmitted to humans by the ingestion of raw milk contaminated by the microorganism.

Mycobacterium bovis

A mycobacterium that causes a TB-like infection in cows; before pasteurization was common, M bovis spread to humans via contaminated milk

My·co·bac·te·ri·um bo·vis

(mī'kō-bak-tēr'ē-ŭm bō'vis)
A bacterial species that is the primary cause of tuberculosis in cattle; transmissible to humans and other animals, causing tuberculosis.
Synonym(s): tubercle bacillus (2) .


the only genus in the family Mycobacteriaceae of bacteria; slender acid-fast rods which may be straight or slightly curved. They may produce filaments or cocci. The most serious disease caused by members of this genus is tuberculosis. M. fortuitum, M. chelonea, M. marinum are listed as causes of piscine tuberculosis. Other species, including M. aquae, M. kansasii and M. scrofulaceum, may occasionally cause disease in a number of different species.

Mycobacterium avium
found mostly in birds but occasionally also in other animals and in humans. The tubercle bacillus of birds, it causes avian tuberculosis.
Mycobacterium avium subsp. paratuberculosis
causes Johne's disease in cattle, sheep, goats, deer and camelids. Previously called M. johnei and M. paratuberculosis.
Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare
complex see M. intracellulare (below).
Mycobacterium bovis
the tubercle bacillus of the bovine, it causes tuberculosis in many animal species and humans.
Mycobacterium chelonei, Mycobacterium fortuitum, Mycobacterium phlei, Mycobacterium smegmatis, Mycobacterium thermoresistible
cause disease in a number of animal species, including mastitis in cattle and cutaneous mycobacterial granuloma in cats and dogs. See also opportunist (atypical) mycobacteria.
Mycobacterium farcinogenes, Mycobacterium senegalense
associated with bovine farcy.
Mycobacterium genovense
causes mycobacteriosis in birds.
Mycobacterium intracellulare
found in tuberculin-positive cattle and causes limited lymph node lesions in pigs. Closely related to M. avium and also described as M. avium-intracellulare complex.
Mycobacterium johnei
see M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis (above).
Mycobacterium kansasii
causes tuberculosis-like disease in pigs, deer and cattle.
Mycobacterium leprae
the cause of leprosy in humans.
Mycobacterium lepraemurium
causes murine and feline leprosy.
Mycobacterium marinum
found in water, it causes tuberculosis in fish and skin ulcers in humans.
Mycobacterium microti
the vole bacillus; lesions sometimes occur in other species.
Mycobacterium paratuberculosis
previously called M. johnei. See M. avium subsp. paratuberculosis (above).
Mycobacterium tuberculosis
the tubercle bacillus of humans, but found also in monkeys and pigs, and rarely in cattle, dogs and parrots.
Mycobacterium ulcerans
causes skin ulcers in humans and cats.
Mycobacterium xenopi
causes mycobacterial granuloma in cats and lymph node lesions in pigs.
References in periodicals archive ?
The average age of those infected was 32 but those infected with bovine TB through cattle were normally much older, he added.
Many industrialized countries have almost wiped out bovine TB in cattle, but efforts can be foiled by infections persisting in wild animals, says Gary Witmer of the U.
The High Court rejected a farmer's appeal against his conviction for falsifying the results of a bovine TB test and ordered him to re-pay over PS31,000 in costs and compensation to the Welsh Government.
A new badger vaccination scheme has been launched today as part of the government s comprehensive strategy to make England bovine TB free.
Testing cattle before they arrive in Wales could help control bovine TB, said deputy agriculture minister Rebecca Evans.
I AM a farmer dealing with the devastation bovine TB has caused to our herd.
About 5,000 badgers are expected to be killed in controlled shootings over six weeks in Somerset and Gloucestershire, and, while opponents say the cull is both inhumane and ineffective, supporters, including high profile organisations within the farming community, claim it is a crucial measure for tackling bovine TB.
We need to act now to stop this slaughter and to help the cows and dairy farmers who face the threat of bovine TB.
BRITISH cattle buyers have been urged not to shun Welsh livestock just because the country has made bovine TB eradication a priority.
No-one is disputing that bovine TB must be controlled, but the Government has ignored the science and the wishes of the public - only 16% of whom support a cull - in favour of botched plans which will have serious repercussions.
Bovine TB is one of the biggest problems facing the dairy and beef industries in Wales and is endemic in parts.
A veterinary nurse is receiving treatment after contracting the bovine TB respiratory infection.

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