Borg scale


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scale

 [skāl]
1. a thin flake or compacted platelike body, as of cornified epithelial cells. See also squama.
2. a scheme or device by which some property may be measured (as hardness, weight, linear dimension).
3. to remove incrustations or other material from a surface, as from the enamel of teeth.
absolute scale (absolute temperature scale)
1. one with its zero at absolute zero (−273.15°C, −459.67°F).
ASIA scale a descriptive tool developed by the American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) as a part of the complete classification of patients with spinal cord injuries. Called also Frankel Classification. See accompanying table.
Bayley S's of Infant Development a psychological test for assessing development of infants, using motor, mental, and behavioral developmental scales.
Borg scale a numerical scale for assessing dyspnea, from 0 representing no dyspnea to 10 as maximal dyspnea.
Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment scale a behavioral assessment scale used to evaluate the interactive behavior of a newborn by its responses to environmental stimuli.
Celsius scale (C) a temperature scale with zero at the freezing point of water and the normal boiling point of water at 100 degrees. The abbreviation 100°C should be read “one hundred degrees Celsius.” (For equivalents of Celsius and Fahrenheit temperatures, see Appendix.)
centigrade scale one with 100 gradations or steps between two fixed points, as the Celsius scale.
Fahrenheit scale (F) a temperature scale with the freezing point of water at 32 degrees and the normal boiling point of water at 212 degrees. The abbreviation 100°F should be read “one hundred degrees Fahrenheit.” (For equivalents of Fahrenheit and Celsius temperatures, see Appendix.)
French scale one used for denoting the size of catheters, sounds, and other tubular instruments, each French unit (symbol F) being approximately 0.33 mm in diameter.
Glasgow Coma scale a standardized system for assessing response to stimuli in a neurologically impaired patient, assessing eye opening, verbal response, and motor ability. Reaction scores are depicted in numerical values, thus minimizing the problem of ambiguous and vague terms to describe the patient's neurologic status. (See accompanying Table.) The total score is obtained by adding E, M, and V; a score of 7 or less indicates coma and a score of 9 or more rules out coma.
Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF) scale a hundred-point scale used as axis V of DSM-IV to assess a client's recent and current levels of social, psychological, and occupational functioning.
gray scale a representation of intensities in shades of gray, as in gray-scale ultrasonography.
interval scale a scale having equal numerical distances between intervals in addition to mutually exclusive categories, exhaustive categories, and rank ordering but no zero point.
Karnofsky scale (Karnofsky performance scale) a widely used performance scale, assigning scores ranging from 0 for a nonfunctional or dead patient to 100 for one with completely normal functioning.
Kelvin scale an absolute scale in which the unit of measurement, the kelvin, corresponds to that of the Celsius scale; therefore the ice point is at 273.15 kelvins.
Likert scale a tool used to determine opinions or attitudes; it contains a list of declarative statements, each followed by a scale on which the subject is to indicate degrees of intensity of a given feeling.
Neonatal Behavior Assessment scale Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale.
performance scale a scale that measures a patient's performance status, serving as a prognostic indicator of seriousness of disease or disability. The most widely used scale is the Karnofsky scale.
Problem Rating scale for Outcomes see problem rating scale for outcomes.
semantic differential scale a measurement device that consists of two opposite adjectives with a seven-point scale between them; each item under examination is assigned to a specific point on the scale.
temperature scale one for expressing degree of heat, based on absolute zero as a reference point, or with a certain value arbitrarily assigned to such temperatures as the ice point and boiling point of water.

Borg scale

A 10-point subjective scoring system, in which a patient rates his or her effort of exertion while performing a particular activity: the higher the number, the greater the perceived difficulty. The classical Borg scale was a 20-point system; the modified Borg scale is 0 to 10.

Indications
Pulmonary hypertension.

Borg scale

Chest medicine A system for scoring the perception of
dyspnea, consisting of a linear scale ranking the degree of difficulty in breathing, ranging from none–0 to maximum–10

rat·ing of per·ceived ex·er·tion

(RPE) (rāt'ing pĕr-sēvd' eg-zĕr'shŭn)
Subjective numeric rating (range, 6-19 or 0-10) of exercise intensity based on how a person feels in relation to levels of physiologic stress. An RPE of 13 or 14 (exercise that feels "somewhat hard") coincides with an exercise heart rate of about 70% maximum heart rate.
Synonym(s): Borg scale.
References in periodicals archive ?
1 Dyspnea Medical Research Council - Before intervention Borg Scale SCORE Grade 1 - Breathlessness with - strenuous exercise Grade 2 - Short of breath when hurrying on - the level or walking up a slight hill Grade 3 - Walks slower than people of the - same age on the level or stops for breath while walking at 0 own pace on the level Grade 4 - Stops for breath after walking 4 100 yards Grade 5 - Too breathless to leave the house - or breathless when dressing Tab.
Clinical assessment of dyspnoea commonly includes the presence (ie, experiencing breathlessness or not), intensity (eg, Borg Scale of Perceived Exertion, visual analogue scales, or scores out of 10), behaviour (eg, whether the current symptom is better or worse than the usual situation), and its effect on activity (eg, limitations to activities such as house work, walking, leisure, or employment).
95) AJ1 = Astride jumps; FB2 = Forwards-backwards jumps; 6MWT3 = Six-minute walk test; Jumps4 = Number of jumps performed before fatigue; Time5 = Time taken to fatigue (seconds); Distance6 = Distance walked in six-minutes (meters); Borg7 = Modified Borg scale of perceived breathlessness; 15c8 = Fifteen count breathlessness score; SpO29 = Pulse oxygen saturation; HR10 = Heart rate
During the 10-min walk, each subject was asked to answer to an adapted Borg Scale to indicate the Rate of Perceived Exertion (RPE), pain, and/or comfort that went from 1 to 10 (1 being none and 10 being maximum).
The Borg scale has also been used to monitor the intensity of strength training exercises, either by the 15 (6-20) category scale (Gearhart et al.
br/), sendo utilizadas as palavras-chave Borg scale, OMNI scale, ETL scale e subjective perception of effort.
Borg scale (Borg scale or RPE = Rate of Perceived or Exertion) is a valid reliable instrument with which could be performed a subjective assessment of exercise intensity (G.
Subjects performed 30 minutes of aerobic exercise at a rate of perceived exertion [less than or equal to]13 on the Borg scale.
There were no significant differences in physiological variables (change in plasma lactate and heart rate), nor were there any significant differences in Borg scale ratings when the subjects cycled with and without music.
We recommend using the Borg scale shown in Chapter 4 instead.
Additional references include the standardized orders for respiratory therapy staff on evidence of acute respiratory distress, exclusion criteria for NPPV, mask selection, and the modified Borg Scale for degree of dyspnea.