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rupture of the esophagus caused by increased intraluminal pressure and distention during retching or vomiting; results in mediastinitis. The rupture most often occurs in the left pleural space.
Boerhaave syndromeA clinical emergency consisting of a transmural laceration of the lower oesophagus that occurs spontaneously during retching, which in turn may be related to excess alcohol consumption, or secondary due to reflux oesophagitis, endoscopy, CPR, trauma, vagotomy or presence of a foreign body. It is more common in patients with pre-existing oesophageal disease—e.g., reflux oesophagitis.
Abrupt chest pain, which may radiate to the neck, accompanied by shock, sepsis and death within 48 hours if untreated; 70% survival has been reported if diagnosed and treated early.
Boerhaave syndromeTraumatic rupture of the lower esophagus after major blunt chest trauma, CPR or forceful protracted vomiting; BS is more common in Pts with pre-existing esophageal disease–eg, reflux esophagitis Clinical Abrupt chest pain, which may radiate to the neck, accompanied by shock, sepsis, death within 48 hrs if untreated
Boer·haa·ve syn·drome(būr'hah-vē sin'drōm)
Spontaneous rupture of the lower esophagus, a variant of Mallory-Weiss syndrome.
Boerhaave,Hermann, Dutch physician, 1668-1738.
Boerhaave glands - Synonym(s): sweat glands
Boerhaave syndrome - spontaneous rupture of the lower esophagus, a variant of Mallory-Weiss syndrome.