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basal cell carcinoma (Medspeak-UK)
bedside communication controller
benign cellular changes
biliary cholesterol concentration
Birmingham City Council (Medspeak-UK)
birth control clinic
breast care centre (Medspeak-UK)
carcinoma(kar?sin-o'ma ) [ carcin- + -oma]
Optimal patient care includes: identifying and explaining to patient and family the type of cancer and its typical natural history; options for treatment, side effects of treatments, expected response of the cancer to the treatment, best predictions for recovery and life expectancy, availability of clinical trials, alternative and complementary therapies, and the potential benefit of referral to specialty cancer centers.
acinar cell carcinoma of the pancreas
alveolar cell carcinoma
basal cell carcinomaAbbreviation: BCC
bronchogenic carcinomaLung cancer.
choroid plexus carcinoma
carcinoma of the colonSee: colorectal cancer
colorectal carcinomaColorectal cancer.
ductal carcinoma in situ of breastSee: ductal carcinoma in situ of breast
epidermoid carcinomaSquamous cell carcinoma.
giant cell carcinoma
carcinoma in situAbbreviation: CIS
oat cell carcinoma
carcinoma of pancreasPancreatic cancer.
pancreatic carcinomaPancreatic cancer.
papillary carcinoma of the thyroidSee: papillary carcinoma of the thyroid
renal cell carcinoma
Because of its location in the retroperitoneum, renal cell carcinoma may grow to a relatively large size before it manifests obvious symptoms. The most common findings are blood in the urine (hematuria), flank pain, or a flank mass. Some patients develop fevers, weight loss, or symptoms caused by hormones excreted by the tumor. These hormones (parathyroid-like hormone or erythropoietin) occasionally cause hypercalcemia or abnormal increases in the red blood cell count (erythrocytosis).
Surgical removal of the affected kidney may be curative for those patients whose tumor has not spread outside the perirenal fascia. Treatment options are less successful for patients with metastatic disease because renal cell carcinomas are relatively resistant to chemotherapy.
scirrhous carcinomaHard cancer.
small cell carcinomaOat cell carcinoma.
squamous cell carcinoma
transitional cell carcinoma
urothelial carcinomaTransitional cell carcinoma.
basal cell carcinomaAbbreviation: BCC
basal cell carcinoma; BCC; rodent ulcer common skin malignancy caused by long-term exposure to ultraviolet light (sunlight) or irradiation, or from pre-existing naevoid lesions; forms as a pearly nodule that later ulcerates; is locally invasive, but rarely metastatic; treated by excision ± skin graft (see Table 1)
|Benign||Seborrhoeic warts (basal cell papilloma)||Slow-growing, clearly demarcated, pigmented, 'stuck-on' dermal lesions that may form skin tags, occurring especially around the neck in obese individuals|
|Premalignant||Solar keratoses||Slow-growing pink/grey-brown scaly epidermal lesions occurring in sun-exposed|
|skin (dorsa of hands, lower leg, face, bald pate) in subjects >60 years of age; lesions should be regularly monitored as they may undergo malignant changes|
|Bowen's disease||Intraepidermal carcinoma (epithelioma) presenting as a small, slow-growing scaly plaque that can become nodular or ulcerate if the lesion extends into the dermis; these lesions should be removed or treated with a topical chemotherapeutic agent such as 5-fluorouracil|
|Malignant||Squamous cell carcinoma||Keratotic, scaly, elevated or nodular lesion with a depressed centre that may ulcerate, arising in sun-exposed skin; these lesions must undergo biopsy as they may metastasize|
|Basal cell carcinoma (rodent ulcer)||Low-grade malignant lesion due to a locally invasive epidermal tumour, with a pearly raised edge and a tendency to central ulceration; these lesions must be biopsied as they may metastasize|
|Malignant melanoma||Virulent skin tumour, with 30% of incidence involving lower limb, most commonly occurring after 40 years of age in areas of sun-exposed or non-sun-exposed skin; lesions classically are raised, itchy, may bleed and show an irregular border and irregular pigmentation and/or Hutchinson's sign; these lesions must be biopsied as they may metastasize|