Biosphere 2

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Biosphere 2

An artificial enclosed ecosystem constructed in the late 1980s, which was intended to explore the interactions of livings systems with the environment. The structure contained 5 biomes— a rainforest, an ocean with a coral reef, mangrove wetlands, savannah grassland, fog desert—an agricultural area and human habitat. Heating and cooling water circulated through independent piping systems and passive solar input through the glass space frame panels covering most of the facility, and electrical power was supplied into Biosphere 2 from an onsite natural gas energy centre through airtight penetrations.It was intended to generate data about the viability of self-sufficiency in enclosed environments on other planets for future space exploration.
References in periodicals archive ?
Regenerative Design: Nature/Architecture, the transformation of the Biosphere2 Project into an Eco-Village design
After reviewing various alternatives, including pressurized septic tanks, composting and other water treatment processes, MAP and Kelola selected a method called Wastewater Gardens, developed by the Biosphere Foundation for use in Biosphere2, and adapted for Indonesia by the Planetary Coral Reef Foundation.
These projects include the historic Navy Pier Redevelopment Project on the Lake Michigan shoreline in downtown Chicago, the Ronald Reagan State Office Building and Seventh Street Market Place in downtown Los Angeles as well as Pearce System's most well-known project, the Biosphere2 structure in Oracle, Ariz.