Biosphere 2


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Biosphere 2

An artificial enclosed ecosystem constructed in the late 1980s, which was intended to explore the interactions of livings systems with the environment. The structure contained 5 biomes— a rainforest, an ocean with a coral reef, mangrove wetlands, savannah grassland, fog desert—an agricultural area and human habitat. Heating and cooling water circulated through independent piping systems and passive solar input through the glass space frame panels covering most of the facility, and electrical power was supplied into Biosphere 2 from an onsite natural gas energy centre through airtight penetrations.It was intended to generate data about the viability of self-sufficiency in enclosed environments on other planets for future space exploration.
References in periodicals archive ?
The history of Biosphere 2, its pros and cons, and its transformations come alive in a history key to any library strong in ecological research in general and Biosphere 2 events in particular.
Learning About the Planet At the Reborn Biosphere 2
Last month, after 18 years of government service, William Harris abandoned the no-nonsense National Science Foundation for the fringes of science: He took over as director of Biosphere 2.
Biosphere 2, the costly experiment in creating a closed, self-sustaining ecosystem in Arizona, failed because the concrete walls ate up oxygen and left humans inside with barely enough to breathe.
It's no surprise that they took big gulps of Earth's air; the air inside their dome, called Biosphere 2, had lost quite a bit of life-giving oxygen.
ATLANTA, May 25 /PRNewswire/ -- IBM's Multimedia Publishing Studio and Space Biospheres Ventures today announced an agreement for the IBM Studio to recreate on interactive compact disc (CD-ROM) the Biosphere 2 experience.
Biosphere 2 is a unique and enormously valuable tool for simulating the earth's systems and experimentally projecting the planet's future under a variety of environmental parameters.
The worst part of the Biosphere 2 experiment was the people, says a former crew member who spent two years in a sealed glass-and-steel dome.
The David and Lucille Packard Foundation has awarded Columbia University's Biosphere 2 Center nearly one million dollars to help understand the effects of atmospheric changes on earth ecosystems.
Martin Foundation has awarded more than $600,000 to Columbia University's Biosphere 2 Center for undergraduate scholarships and campus expansion.
Columbia University's Biosphere 2 Center will host a symposium on "Chemistry and the Environment of the Biosphere" at its on-site hotel and conference center from Aug.
The David and Lucille Packard Foundation has awarded Columbia University's Biosphere 2 Center nearly $1 million to help understand the effects of atmospheric changes on earth ecosystems.