bezoar

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bezoar

 [be´zor]
a mass formed in the stomach by compaction of ingested material that does not pass into the intestine.

be·zoar

(bē'zōr),
A concretion formed in the alimentary canal of animals, and occasionally humans; formerly considered to be a useful medicine with magical properties and apparently still used for this purpose in some countries; according to the substance forming the ball, may be termed trichobezoar (hairball), trichophytobezoar (hair and vegetable fiber mixed), or phytobezoar (food ball).
[Pers. padzahr, antidote]

bezoar

/be·zoar/ (be´zor) a concretion of foreign material found in the gastrointestinal or urinary tract.

bezoar

(bē′zôr′)
n.
A hard indigestible mass of material, such as hair, plant fibers, or seeds, found in the stomach or intestine of animals, especially ruminants and sometimes humans. Bezoars were formerly considered to be antidotes to poisons and to possess magic properties.

bezoar

[bē′zôr]
Etymology: Ar, bazahr, protection against poison
a hard ball of hair or vegetable fiber that may develop within the stomach of humans. More often it is found in the stomachs of ruminants. In some societies it was formerly considered a useful medicine and possessed of certain magical properties. It is apparently still used as a therapeutic and mystical device by some, especially in the Far East.
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Bezoar
A mass of foreign material in the stomach—food, mucus, vegetable fiber, hair, or other indigestible material—facilitated by partial or complete gastrectomy, as acid hydrolysis of gastric content is decreased; the mass is more easily palpable in trichobezoars than in phytobezoars

bezoar

Gastroenterology A mass of foreign material in the stomach–food, mucus, vegetable fiber, hair, or other indigestible material, facilitated by partial or complete gastrectomy, as acid hydrolysis of gastric content is ↓; undigested bezoars cause discomfort or pain, halitosis,
gastric erosion or ulceration and potentially peritonitis, hemorrhage, obstruction, N&V; the mass is more easily palpable in tricho- than in
phytobezoars

be·zoar

(bē'zōr)
A concretion formed in the alimentary canal of animals, and occasionally humans; formerly considered to be a useful medicine with magical properties and apparently still used for this purpose in some places; according to the substance forming the ball, may be termed trichobezoar (hairball), trichophytobezoar (hair and vegetable fiber mixed), or phytobezoar (foodball).
[Pers. padzahr, antidote]

bezoar

A ball of hair and other material forming in the stomach or intestine and rare in the psychologically normal. In more gullible times bezoars have been valued for their magical properties.

Rapunzel,

legendary young woman whose long hair allowed her to escape from a tower in which she was held captive.
Rapunzel syndrome - internal matter that has formed a compact body that occasionally assumes the appearance of strands of twisted hair that extend from a bezoar through the intestine. Synonym(s): bezoar

be·zoar

(bē'zōr)
A concretion formed in the alimentary canal of animals, and occasionally humans; formerly considered to be a useful medicine with magical properties and apparently still used for this purpose in some countries; according to the substance forming the ball, may be termed trichobezoar (hairball), trichophytobezoar (hair and vegetable fiber mixed), or phytobezoar (food ball).
[Pers. padzahr, antidote]

bezoar

a mass formed in the stomach by compaction of repeatedly ingested material that does not pass into the intestine. See also phytobezoar, trichobezoar.
References in periodicals archive ?
3) But the story I would like to tell takes place between the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, which was the heyday of bezoar stones.
In his letter, proudly quoted by Monardes, Osma reports having learned about the Asian bezoars from Monardes' essay and discovered bezoar stones in Andean animals, samples of which he sent along to the well-known physician so that he could examine and test them in his practice of medicine.
According to Cristobal Acosta, bezoar stones were commonly used in India, Persia, the Arabian Peninsula and China, and he reported that those who went hunting for the bezoar were able to identify which animals were carrying a bezoar inside by their behavior.
Mounted Bezoar Stones, Seychelles Nuts, and Rhinoceros Horns: Decorative Objects as Antidotes in Early Modern Europe.
From Marvelous Antidote to the Poison of Idolatry: The Transatlantic Role of Andean Bezoar Stones during the Late Sixteenth and Early Seventeenth Centuries.
My interest in learning about the bezoar stone comes from my experience as a reader of chronicles of the New World.
It is not a surprise that we find mentions of the bezoar stone in the commentaries on Dioscorides's De materia medica written by Andrea Mattioli in 1544, and by Andres Laguna in 1555.
One of them is the Oriental bezoar stone, which had not yet been discovered in the Americas by Europeans.
Actually, the bezoar stone is found as a calculus or concretion in the stomachs or intestines of various ruminants, such as antelopes, camels, deer, and goats.
Arsenite ions were a different story, because although bezoar stone removed them the brushite moiety was ineffective.
And, like the bezoar stone, nature's process solves the problem of arsenic poisoning in tropical algae.
Although several plates in volume one depict Seba's collection of dozens of bezoar stones (concretions or nodules thought to be of animal origin and to have curative powers), it is not until the end of volume four that his minerals are shown.