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Neuman

 [noo´man]
Betty. Nursing educator and developer of Neuman's systems model for nursing. Her conceptual model was first presented in a 1972 article entitled A Model for Teaching Total Person Approach to Patient Problems and has since been further refined.

Neuman, Betty

a nursing theorist who developed the Neuman Systems Model, first published in 1972. Her model is influenced by Gestalt theory, which states that the homeostatic process is the process by which an organism maintains its equilibrium. Major concepts include total persons approach, holism, open system, lines of resistance and defense, degree of reaction, interventions, levels of prevention, and reconstitution. A spiritual variable was added to her model later, and created-environment was added to the typology. In the Neuman Systems Model, the client is presented as a whole person, an open system in constant change and in reciprocal interaction with the environment. Neuman believes the nurse should use purposeful interventions and a total-person approach to client care to help individuals, families, and groups reach and maintain a maximum level of total wellness. Nursing intervention is aimed at the reduction of stress and adverse conditions that can affect optimal client functions.
References in periodicals archive ?
And now that the former BFFs are experiencing a communication breakdown, Betty saw it fit to call cops on her to get her documents.
Her nephew John, from Kinlochard, along with great niece Chelsey Elizabeth Aitcheson and her newborn daughter Poppy, joined Betty for her special day.
They're best friends, and when s hits the fan, Betty goes to Archie and Archie goes to Betty.
Betty was interred in the Ketcheson Cemetery on the original Ketcheson property near Wallbridge, Ontario.
Nurses on the Royal Victoria Infirmary ward also got into the party spirit as Betty blew out the candles on her huge birthday cake.
Betty, who lives in Hardgate, Dunbartonshire, has now amassed a massive collection of Betty Boop memorablia and even has her namesake tattooed on her hand.
We will always have great memories of the times we spent with you Betty.
Betty may not have appeared much recently but it took only a few scenes in Monday's episode, one "Come here daft lass" and a hug for Laurel, to show us how much we'll miss this lady whose warmth as Betty has lit up the screen.
Betty managed to get to the Philippine Embassy in Beirut and is currently under the protection of our embassy.
When I came in today one of the little lads who comes to sit with me each morning gave me a hug and a kiss," said Betty.
I FIRST met Betty on a September morning in 1991 when as a talkative nine-yearold I was put in her class at St John's Middle School in Kidderminster.
During this time Betty has been active in many successful campaigns to improve council housing in Bradley.