Ocular and retrobulbar blood flow in ocular hypertensives treated with topical timolol, betaxolol
Drug Class How it works Dipivefrin Adrenergics Reduces (Propine); intraocular pressure brimonidine (Alphagan) Apraclonidine Alpha-2 Decreases intraocular fluid (Lopidine) adrenergics production; increases drainage Betaxolol
Beta blockers Decreases (Betoptic) intraocular fluid production Brinzolamide Carbonic Decreases anhydrase intraocular (Azopt) inhibitors fluid production Pilocarpine Cholinergics Increases drainage of (Isopto) intraocular fluid Dorzolomide Combination Decreases beta blocker/ intraocular (Cosopt) carbonic fluid anhydrase production inhibitor Travaprost Prostaglandin Increases analogs drainage of (Travatan) intraocular fluid
Dose-dependent effects of betaxolol
in hypertension: a double-blind, multi-center study.
Nitric oxide synthase expression in the transient ischemic rat retina: neuroprotection of betaxolol
Effect of betaxolol
on the hemodynamic, gas exchange, and cardiac output response to exercise in chronic atrial fibrillation.
His medications included Metoprolol, Ramipril, Hydrochlorothiazide, Levofloxacin, and Betaxolol
The antiglaucoma beta blockers include betaxolol
(Betoptic), carteolol (Ocupress), levobetaxolol (Betaxon), levobunolol (Betagan), metipranolol (Optipranolol) and timolol (Betimol, Timoptic, Istalol).
11) Beta blockers Acebutolol (Sectral), atenolol Decreases the force (Tenormin), betaxolol
of the heart's (Kerlone), metoprolol contraction and its (Lopressor), atenolol overall heart rate, (Tenormin), bisoprolol (Concor) thus reducing the and pindolol (Visken) heart's demand for oxygen.
caprolactone and poly ethylene glycol for betaxolol
delivery was compared and was found that poly-acaprolactone nanoparticles yielded highest pharmacological activity and the factor thought to be responsible for this good performance was agglomeration of the particles.
beta]-Blockers infrequently prescribed for hypertension, and not listed here, include acebutolol, betaxolol
, nadolol, penbutolol, pindolol, and timolol.
For example, the [Beta]-1 receptor antagonist betaxolol
is an effective ocular hypotensive agent, yet the ciliary and trabecular receptors are predominantly of the [Beta]-2 subclass .
On average, the study participants' vision deteriorated, with the group treated with drug betaxolol
and argon laser trabeculoplasty recording a smaller visual change, on average, compared to the untreated patients.