betaine

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betaine

 [be´tah-ēn]
the carboxylic acid derived by oxidation of choline; it acts as a transmethylating metabolic intermediate and is used in the treatment of homocystinuria. The hydrochloride salt is used as a gastric acidifier.

be·ta·ine

(bē'tă-īn), Avoid the mispronunciation bē'tān.
1. An oxidation product of choline and a transmethylating intermediate in metabolism.
2. A class of compounds related to betaine. (1) (that is, R3N+-CHR'-COO-), for example, glycine betaine.
Synonym(s): glycine betaine

betaine

/be·ta·ine/ (be´tah-ēn) the carboxylic acid derived by oxidation of choline; it acts as a transmethylating metabolic intermediate and is used in the treatment of homocystinuria. The hydrochloride salt is used as a gastric acidifier.

betaine

(bē′tə-ēn′, -ĭn)
n.
1. A sweet-tasting crystalline alkaloid, C5H11NO2, found in sugar beets and other plants, used to treat certain metabolic disorders, especially an enzyme defect that causes excessive levels of homocysteine in the blood and urine.
2. Any of several alkaloids with similar structures.

be·ta·ine

(bā'tă-ēn)
An oxidation product of choline and a transmethylating intermediate in metabolism.

betaine

the carboxylic acid derived by oxidation of choline; it acts as a transmethylating metabolic intermediate.
References in periodicals archive ?
Anhydrous betaine and 18-crown-6 were obtained from Sigma Chemical Co.
DMG and betaine were dissolved in water at a concentration of 1 mmol/L and diluted with water to the final concentrations used during the analysis.
Four patients suffered from MTHFR deficiency and were treated with up to 600 mg/kg betaine monohydrate daily; one patient had cystathionine--synthase deficiency and received 200 mg/kg betaine.
Fifteen microliters of the supernatant containing the phenacyl esters of DMG and betaine was injected directly into the HPLC.
20, 40, 60, 80, 90, and 120 [degrees]C, for both DMG and betaine.
We determined that 22 mmol/L choline in 900 mL/L acetonitrile allowed resolution of the phenacyl bromide ester derivatives of DMG and betaine from other compounds present in the mixture.
Betaine and DMG peaks in the plasma samples correspond to the retention of the analytes in the calibrator solution.
These concentrations are lower than the basal concentrations of DMG and betaine in human plasma and urine.
In light of these experiments and their results, an optimum hand dishwash liquid formula can be developed by using LAS, SLES, and cocamidopropyl betaine and perhaps some cocamide DEA.
A naturally-derived product can be formulated using SLES, cocamide DEA and cocamidopropyl betaine.
Cocamidopropyl betaine can be added for improved mildness.