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(rä′mät-tsē′nē), Bernardino 1633-1714.
Italian physician who was a pioneer in the field of occupational medicine. In 1700 he published the first systematic study connecting the environmental hazards of specific professions to disease, such as lead exposure in potters and painters.
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Health hazards in the arts have been recognized at least since 1713 when Bernardino Ramazzini published Diseases of Tradesmen, (1) and there have been sporadic publications on various related subjects over the past three centuries.