barberry

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barberry

Herbal medicine
A deciduous shrub, the bark and fruit of which contain alkaloids (berberine, columbamine, oxyacanthine, palmatine and others), resin, starch and tannins; it is antibacterial, anticonvulsant, antiviral and vasodilatory; it has been used internally for anaemia, cholera, constipation, diarrhoea, gallstones, hangover, heartburn, hepatitis, hypertension, menstrual pains and splenomegaly, and topically for conjunctivitis, skin infections and sore throats.
 
Toxicity
It should not be used in pregnancy as berberine stimulates uterine contractions.

bar·ber·ry

(bahr'ber-ē)
(Mahonia vulgaris, Berberis aquifolium) Available in many forms (e.g., extract, infusion); purported uses include as an antidiarrheal, antipyretic, and as a cough suppressant. Potential toxicity in pregnancy.
Synonym(s): jaundice berry, Oregon grape, sowberry, wood sour.

barberry (bärˑ·ber·ē),

n Latin name:
Berberis aquifolium Pursh; part used: root bark, fruit; uses: antimicrobial, antiinflammatory, antiplatelet, decreases ventricular tachyarrhythmias, topical skin treatment; precautions: causes spontaneous abortion, avoid during pregnancy, cardiac damage, nephritis. Also called
berberry, jaundice berry, pepperridge bush, pipperidge, sour-spine, sowberry, trailing mahonia, or
wood sour.
barberry, Indian,
n Latin name:
Berberis aristata; parts used: roots, stem, fruits; uses: in Ayurveda balances kapha and vata doshas (bitter, astringent, light, rough), hepatoprotective, antiinflammatory, antibacterial, tonic, cholagogue, stomachic, fever, diarrhea, hepatitis, splenitis, jaundice, eye infections; precautions: none known. Also called
daruhaldi or
daru haridra.
Enlarge picture
Barberry, Indian.

Barberry

References in periodicals archive ?
In vitro inhibitory effect of Berberis vulgaris (Berberidaceae) and its main component, Berberine against different Leishmania species.
Berberis vulgaris fruits are essential components of human nutrition.
Total Berberis vulgaris 1:2 20 mL Matricaria recutita 1:2 20 mL Echinacea root blend 1:2 25 mL Hydrastic canadensis 1:3 15 mL Althea officinalis 1:5 20 mL TOTAL 100 mL Dose 5 mL twice daily for the first week, thereafter 7.
The monographs are focused on 'important' poisonous and mind altering plants, which include the commonly used Hypericum perforatum, Aesclus hippocastinum, Mahonia aquifolium, Piper methisticum and Berberis vulgaris.
Berberine is an isoquinoline derivative alkaloid that has been isolated from Berberis aquifolium (Oregon grape), Berberis aristata (tree turmeric), Berberis vulgaris (barberry), and Hydrastis canadensis (goldenseal) (Ikram, 1975).