Further, more samples need to studied for the complete picture of the genetic variation and drug resistant alleles in the benzimidazole drug-binding domain of [beta]-tubulin gene from W.
Beta-tubulin and benzimidazole resistance in the sheep nematode Haemonchus contortus.
The widespread use of benzimidazole
fungicides to control cobweb and other diseases would have facilitated the emergence of a resistant strain.
Verifying whether there is an effect, either direct or indirect, of other benzimidazoles
or systemic fungicides apart from carbendazim, on the key stages of phenolic and oxidative metabolism.
Despite this clean record, FSIS keeps benzimidazoles
on the list of chemicals it monitors nationwide because of the potential side effects that high doses could cause in humans.
According to Fort Dodge Animal Health's Andrew Wylie, some flocks in Scotland have shown multiple resistance to all three wormer groups ( the benzimidazoles
, the levamisoles and the avermectin subclass of macrocyclic lactones (ML) which include ivermectin and doramectin.
The period of inclusion began in 1982, when benzimidazoles
, ultrasound, and other imaging techniques (which facilitated diagnosis, treatment, and follow-up) were introduced.
TABLE 9 SEED TREATMENT PRODUCTS BY ACTIVE INGREDIENT AND CROPS 25 FUNGICIDES 25 TABLE 10 COMMON SEED TREATMENT FUNGICIDES 26 Benzimidazoles
26 TABLE 11 COMMERCIAL ACTIVE INGREDIENTS: BENZIMIDAZOLES
27 Triazoles and Diazoles 27 TABLE 12 COMMERCIAL ACTIVE INGREDIENTS: TRIAZOLES AND DIAZOLES 28 Dithiocarbamates 28 Other Fungicides 29 TABLE 13 COMMERCIAL SEED TREATMENT PRODUCTS BY ACTIVE INGREDIENT 29 OTHERS 30 Micronutrients 30 TABLE 14 MICRONUTRIENT BENEFITS 30 TABLE 15 RELATIVE RESPONSIVENESS OF CROPS TO MICRONUTRIENTS 30 Colorants 30 Polymers 31 Phytohormones 31
Antioxidants under the Akrochem name include hindered phenols, butylated paracresol, mercapto benzimidazoles
, dihydroquinoline, amines, and unsaturated acetals.
NEXIUM is contraindicated in patients with known hypersensitivity to any component of the formulation or to substituted benzimidazoles
la) is the most widely studied member of the polybenzimidazole class (6), (7), (10-12); however, PBI is not the simplest nor least expensive of the family (8) and several other benzimidazole
polymers are suitable as PEMs.
Enviroxime is a benzimidazole
derivative that inhibits the replication of enteroviruses and rhinoviruses in vitro by targeting the nonstructural protein 3A (19,20).