confirmation bias

(redirected from Belief bias)

confirmation bias

(kon″fĭr-mā′shŏn)
An error in diagnostic thinking in which one sees only those patterns in the data that support one's preconceptions.
References in periodicals archive ?
There are many different types of cognitive bias but specific examples that may influence decision-making include confirmation bias, where individuals seek out information from sources likely to take the same view that they do, (9) self-serving bias, where they evaluate evidence in ways that are likely to be advantageous to their interests, (10) belief bias, where the strength of the evidence is assessed according to whether one agrees with the resulting conclusion, (11) and framing bias, where the social construction of the issue increases the probability of particular decisions being made (Box).
Belief bias was seen in a randomised controlled trial conducted with American subjects who were first divided according to their political allegiance and then randomly allocated one of four authoritative narratives about diabetes, no specific cause (control), genes, lifestyle choices, and the social environment.