(redirected from Basilicum)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to Basilicum: pesto


Herbal medicine
A bushy annual culinary and medicinal herb that contains camphor, estragol, eugenol, linalol, lineol, tannins, and thymol; basil is antipyretic and carminative, and has been used for abdominal bloating, cramps, diarrhoea, and nausea. It is also grown indoors in southern Europe as a fly repellant.


(Ocimum basilicum, O. sanctum) Herb widely used in Meditarranean cuisine (e.g., pesto). Studies confirm utility in lowering glucose levels; also purported value as an analgesic, antioxidant, and antiulcerative.
[L. basilicum, fr. G. basilikon, royal]

basil (bāˑ·zl),

n Latin names:
Ocimum basilicum, Ocimum sanctum; parts used: leaves; uses: antiseptic, antidiabetic, immune system stimulant, antiinflammatory, ulcers, arthritis, anxiety, flatulence, coughs; precautions: pregnancy, lactation, infants, diabetes, extended usage; do not use with insulin or antidiabetic medications. Also called
common basil, sweet basil, or
St. Josephwort.
basil, holy,
n Latin name:
Ocimum sanctum; parts used: leaves, seeds, root; uses: in Ayurveda, pacifies kapha and vata doshas (pungent, bitter, light, dry), immunomodulation, antistress, antimicrobial, antiasthmatic, anticarcinogen, radioprotective, bronchitis, cold, fever, cough, laxative, stimulant, cardiotonic, indigestion, appetite stimulant; precautions: constipation. Also called
sacred basil, surasa, tulsi, or
Enlarge picture
Basil, holy.


finished dressed leather made from sheepskin.
References in periodicals archive ?
Comparative toxic effect of Ocimum gratissimum basilicum (Labiatae), Cirtus lemon (Rutaceae) and a conventional insecticide (Coopex E.
The herb ocimum basilicum looks promising - but make sure you take it under the direction of a registered medical herbalist.
Primary hosts reported were aphids and the plant associates included Ocimum basilicum (Lamiaceae), Lantana camara (Verbenaceae), Abelmoschus esculentus (Malvaceae) and Psidium guajava (Myrtaceae) (Hayat 1998).
Effects on biofertilizer morphological, physiological and medicinal plant of basil oil (Ocimum basilicum L.
Biosynthesis of estragole and methyl-eugenol in sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L).
Leaves of Cajanus cajan, Azadirachta indica and Ocimum basilicum were used together for treatment of fever or for purification of blood.
Purple basil (opal basil, or Ocimum basilicum purpurea), a member of the mint family and native to India, has a flavor profile described as "heightened in intensity" in comparison with sweet basil.
In addition to sweet Italian types, try spicy cinnamon basil, zesty lemon basil (Ocimum basilicum citrodorum), or pungent purple-leafed kinds like 'Dark Opal' and 'Purple Ruffles'.
Effect of zinc and/or iron foliar application on growth and essential oil of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.