Bartter's syndrome

Bartter's syndrome

[bär′tərz]
Etymology: Frederick C. Bartter, American physiologist, 1914-1983
a rare hereditary disorder, characterized by hyperplasia of the juxtaglomerular area and secondary hyperaldosteronism. Renin and angiotensin levels may be elevated, but blood pressure usually remains normal. Early signs in childhood are abnormal physical growth (dwarfism) and mental retardation, often accompanied by chronic hypokalemia and alkalosis.

Bartter's syndrome

chronic potassium depletion leading to hypokalemia; caused by renal potassium wasting, elevated plasma renin activity and aldosterone secretion.
References in periodicals archive ?
Idiopathic rICP has been reported in several studies and also as a complication of a list of drugs, including chlordecone (kepone), ketoprofen or indomethacin in Bartter's syndrome, thyroid replacement therapy in hypothyroid children, tetracycline and its derivatives, amiodarone, hypervitaminosis A, lithium carbonate, nalidixic acid, sulfa antibiotics and risperidone.
It is different from Bartter's syndrome, in which hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis may develop without primary renal disease.
It is important to differentiate GS from classic Bartter's syndrome which is also characterized by hypokalemia, renal potassium wasting, and activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone axis [8].
Hypokalaemia: Bartter's syndrome or pseudo-Bartter's syndrome?
Elyas suffered from Bartter's Syndrome, a kidney condition, which meant he needed to be given large amounts of sodium and potassium though a nasal tube, to prevent rapid dehydration.
Patients with Bartter's syndrome always have elevated urinary chloride concentrations even in the face of urine total volume loss.
Molecular genetics has played a key role in nephrology, particularly in determining the genetic origins of single gene disorders including polycystic kidney disease, cystinuria, Alport's syndrome, Bartter's syndrome, and various renal neoplasms (George & Neilson, 2000).
Candice Todd, 17, of Lancaster has Bartter's syndrome and could experience major complications or possibly die if she does not receive medication within five to seven days, deputies said.
Four teen-month-old Elyas Nasserulddin Albana, from Tyseley, suffered from Bartter's Syndrome, a kidney condition, which meant he needed large amounts of sodium and potassium every day to prevent rapid dehydration.
Option of pre-emptive nephrectomy and renal transplantation for Bartter's syndrome.
Fourteen-month-old Elyas Nasserulddin Albana, from Tyseley, suffered from Bartter's Syndrome, which affects potassium and sodium levels in the kidneys since he was six weeks old.