Bartonella


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Bartonella

 [bahr″to-nel´ah]
a genus of bacteria of the family Bartonellaceae, made up of gram-negative cells in chains; it includes B. bacillifor´mis, the etiologic agent of bartonellosis (carrión's disease), and B. hen´selae, the etiologic agent of cat-scratch disease.

Bartonella

(bar'tō-nel'ă),
A genus of bacteria found in humans and in arthropod vectors; grows slowly in artificial media and may be recovered from blood cultures from infected patients; may be seen intracellularly in tissues and erythrocytes. Bartonella is a minute, gram-negative, coccobacillary organism, which may appear curved; it can cause an indolent, poorly defined, progressive disease in immunocompromised patients, including those with HIV infections.
[A. L. Barton]

Bartonella

/Bar·to·nel·la/ (bahr″to-nel´ah) a genus of the family Bartonellaceae, including B. bacillifor´mis, the etiologic agent of Carrión's disease, and B. hen´selae, the agent of cat-scratch disease.

Bartonella

[bär′tənel′ə]
Etymology: Alberto Barton, Peruvian bacteriologist, 1871-1950
a genus of small gram-negative flagellated pleomorphic coccobacilli, some of which are opportunistic pathogens. Members of the genus infect red blood cells and the epithelial cells of the lymph nodes, liver, and spleen. They are transmitted at night by the bite of a sandfly of the genus Phlebotomus. Three species are considered important in human disease. B. bacilliformis causes bartonellosis. Because of its distinctive appearance, it is easily identified on microscopic examination of a smear of blood stained with Wright's stain. B. henselae is the causative agent of cat-scratch fever and bacillary angiomatosis. B. quintana causes trench fever and may cause peliosis of the liver.

Bar·to·nel·la

(bahr-tō-nel'ă)
A genus of bacteria closely resembling Rickettsia in staining properties, morphology, and mode of transmission between hosts. Organisms usually reside extracellularly in arthropod hosts and intracellularly in mammalian hosts.
[A. L. Barton]

Barton,

Alberto Leopaldo, Peruvian physician, 1871-1950.
Bartonella - bacterium transmitted by Andean sandflies, causing bartonellosis.
bartonellosis - infection with Bartonella bacilliformis causing acute febrile illness followed by benign skin eruptions.

Bar·to·nel·la

(bahr-tō-nel'ă)
A genus of bacteria found in humans and in arthropod vectors; grows slowly in artificial media and may be recovered from blood cultures from infected patients; a minute, gram-negative, coccobacillary organism; can cause an indolent, poorly defined, progressive disease in immunocompromised patients, including those with HIV infections.
[A. L. Barton]

Bartonella

a genus of gram-negative, coccoid or rod-shaped bacteria in the family Bartonellaceae. B. bacilliformis is the cause of Oroya fever or Carrión's disease in humans and occasionally dogs, in South America.

Bartonella henselae
causes cat-scratch disease, bacillary angiomatosis, and endocarditis in humans.
References in periodicals archive ?
This means, in 94% of patients where we, for example, find Bartonella henselae, the PCR test--if it is applied as discussed below--will also show the presence of the identical microbial species.
Kornreich says that 25 to 40 percent of cats have Bartonella henselae, but diagnosis in cats is difficult and usually not necessary because most cats display no signs.
About 40 percent of all cats carry Bartonella henselae at some point in their lives, particularly stray cats because the bacteria can only fester in cats with fleas.
A study in South Africa (SA), conducted between 2007 and 2009, revealed a high PCR prevalence of Bartonella DNA in blood specimens: 22.
On hospital day 3, the Bartonella henselae IgG was positive at >1:1024, consistent with presence of IgG antibody to Bartonella henselae, suggestive of current or prior infection.
Extracted DNA was then used as a template for Bartonella spp.
Additionally, Bartonella serology, FTA-AB and tick borne serology was performed.
Bartonella is believed to be transmitted by an arthropod vector, and infection can result in Carrion's disease, cat scratch disease, trench fever, endocarditis, neuroretinitis, bacillar angiomatosis, hepatic granulomatosis, arthritis, osteomelitis, and sepsis (Bil leter et al.
Healing Lyme Disease Coinfections: Complementary and Holistic Treatments for Bartonella and Mycoplasma" by herbal medicine expert Stephen Harrod Buhner is a superbly organized and presented 512 page compendium that focuses on the complex synergy between infection's impact on the body and effective natural holistic methods applying herbs and vitamin/mineral supplements to the conditions, symptoms and damages that lyme disease gives rise to.
Healing Lyme Disease Coinfections: Complementary and Holistic Treatments for Bartonella and Mycoplasma covers two of the most common, damaging Lyme disease coinfections and provides a powerful survey based on hundreds of peer-reviewed journal articles on the latest scientific research.
Cat-scratch disease is a human infection caused by Bartonella henselae, a small pleomorphic Gramnegative bacilli.