Bacterial vaginitis


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Related to Bacterial vaginitis: chlamydia, metronidazole, Yeast infection, trichomoniasis

bacterial vaginosis

Bacterial infection of the vagina. While bacterial vaginosis is classically caused by Gardnerella vaginalis (a gram-variable facultatively anaerobic rod), it is usually polymicrobial. It is the single most common vaginal infection, and caused by imbalance of natural bacterial flora, in particular Lactobacillus, resulting in an overgrowth of mixed (Gardnerella vaginalis, aerobic and anaerobic) flora. It is not regarded as a sexually transmitted infection, and does not include yeast (candidiasis) or other (trichomoniasis) non-bacterial infections.

Clinical findings
Discomfort; thin, grey, pungent (fishy odour) vaginal discharge; occasionally dysuria; vagina or vulva are generally not inflammed.
 
Risk factors
Cigarette smoking, obesity to prior pregnancy, history of induced abortion, single/never married.

Management
Antibiotics (metronidazole; clindamycin if symptomatic), topical yogurt/lactobacilli preparations, reduced frequency of douching or bubble bath soaps, use of hypoallergenic soaps.

Bacterial vaginitis

This is the term for inflammation of the vagina due to a bacterial infection.
Mentioned in: Pelvic Exam
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References in periodicals archive ?
They don't realize that mistreatment or delays in treating bacterial vaginitis greatly increases a woman's chance of developing more serious obstetric and gynecological conditions, including pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and infertility.
from Washington State University and brings 20 years experience to the subject of bacterial vaginitis.
The conditions most likely to produce such a smear are lichen planus, bacterial vaginitis, and atrophic vaginitis.
Another compound, cellulose acetate phatale (CAP), which has been used safely as an enteric coating, in topical cream form inactivated in vitro bacteria associated with bacterial vaginitis (a risk factor for HIV) along with Trichomonas vaginaiis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and Chlamydia trachomatis.