Bacterial vaginitis


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Related to Bacterial vaginitis: chlamydia, metronidazole, Yeast infection, trichomoniasis

bacterial vaginosis

Bacterial infection of the vagina. While bacterial vaginosis is classically caused by Gardnerella vaginalis (a gram-variable facultatively anaerobic rod), it is usually polymicrobial. It is the single most common vaginal infection, and caused by imbalance of natural bacterial flora, in particular Lactobacillus, resulting in an overgrowth of mixed (Gardnerella vaginalis, aerobic and anaerobic) flora. It is not regarded as a sexually transmitted infection, and does not include yeast (candidiasis) or other (trichomoniasis) non-bacterial infections.

Clinical findings
Discomfort; thin, grey, pungent (fishy odour) vaginal discharge; occasionally dysuria; vagina or vulva are generally not inflammed.
 
Risk factors
Cigarette smoking, obesity to prior pregnancy, history of induced abortion, single/never married.

Management
Antibiotics (metronidazole; clindamycin if symptomatic), topical yogurt/lactobacilli preparations, reduced frequency of douching or bubble bath soaps, use of hypoallergenic soaps.

Bacterial vaginitis

This is the term for inflammation of the vagina due to a bacterial infection.
Mentioned in: Pelvic Exam
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References in periodicals archive ?
This study was conducted to determine if PCR can be reliable and useful to detect and quantify several of the lower genital tract bacteria that cause bacterial vaginitis.
Most physicians are taught that chronic vulvovaginal symptoms are due to yeast--maybe bacterial vaginitis and, if not that, maybe a sexually transmitted disease.
The conditions most likely to produce such a smear are lichen planus, bacterial vaginitis, and atrophic vaginitis.
TORONTO -- Women with bacterial vaginosis have an overall 50% increased risk of postpartum endometritis compared with women without bacterial vaginitis.