Babinski sign


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Ba·bin·ski sign

(bă-bin'skē),
1. extension of the great toe and abduction of the other toes instead of the normal flexion reflex to plantar stimulation, considered indicative of corticospinal tract involvement ("positive" Babinski); Synonym(s): Babinski phenomenon, Babinski reflex, great-toe reflex, paradoxic extensor reflex, toe phenomenon
2. in hemiplegia, weakness of the platysma muscle on the affected side, as is evident in such actions as blowing or opening the mouth;
3. when the patient is lying supine, with arms crossed on the front of the chest, and attempts to assume the sitting posture, the thigh on the side of an organic paralysis is flexed and the heel raised, whereas the limb on the sound side remains flat;
4. in hemiplegia, the forearm on the affected side turns to a pronated position when placed in a position of supination.

Babinski sign

A reflex movement of the big toe upward instead of downward when the plantar aspect of the foot is stroked, a manoeuvre used to test injury to, or diseases of, the upper motor neurons.

Babinski sign

Babinski's reflex, plantar reflex Neurology A reflex movement of the big toe upward instead of downward when the plantar aspect of the foot is stroked, a maneuver used to test injury to, or diseases of, the upper motor neurons

Ba·bin·ski sign

(bă-bin'skē sīn)
1. Extension of the great toe and abduction of the other toes instead of the normal flexion reflex to plantar stimulation, considered indicative of pyramidal tract involvement ("positive" Babinski);
Synonym(s): Babinski phenomenon, paradoxic extensor reflex.
2. In hemiplegia, weakness of the platysma muscle on the affected side, as is evident in such actions as blowing or opening the mouth.
3. When the patient is lying supine with arms crossed on the front of the chest, and attempts to assume the sitting posture, the thigh on the side of an organic paralysis is flexed and the heel raised, whereas the limb on the sound side remains flat.
4. In hemiplegia, the forearm on the affected side turns to a pronated position when placed in a position of supination.

Babinski,

Joseph François Félix, French neurologist, 1857-1932.
Babinski-Nageotte syndrome - brain lesions resulting in Horner syndrome.
Babinski phenomenon - Synonym(s): Babinski sign (1)
Babinski reflex - Synonym(s): Babinski sign (1)
Babinski sign - (1) extension of the great toe and abduction of the other toes instead of normal flexion reflex to plantar stimulation. Synonym(s): Babinski phenomenon; Babinski reflex; Babinski test; - (2) in hemiplegia, weakness of platysma muscle on affected side. - (3) when patient is in supine position with hands crossed on chest and attempts to sit up, the thigh on the side of an organic paralysis is flexed and heel raised, whereas unaffected side remains flat; - (4) in hemiplegia, the forearm on the affected side turns to a pronated position when placed in a position of supination.
Babinski syndrome - the combination of cardiac, arterial, and central nervous system manifestations of tertiary syphilis.
Babinski test - Synonym(s): Babinski sign (1)
References in periodicals archive ?
Not to mention that if the hero was indeed invulnerable to injuries, except for the heel of course, and therefore such traumatic events were not suspicious in his case, this would not absolve him from having inside sufferings: either an acute or chronic ischemic stroke, or some demyelinating lesions in the cortical structures, that might evolve in either a provoked or a spontaneous Babinski sign.
They reported the most sensitive test was an exaggerated patellar tendon reflex (94%), followed by the Hoffmann sign (81%), Babinski sign (53%), and ankle clonus (35%).
Since the very start of medical school every student is marveled by the famous Babinski sign.
He had obvious cognitive impairment (MMSE and MoCA scores of 23 and 19, respectively) and decreased muscular strength (proximal muscle strength: Level III, distal muscle strength: Level IV) with hyperreflexia and bilateral Babinski sign.
Babinski sign and palmomental reflex and slight extrapyramidal rigidity was seen in our patient.
Neurologic examination showed sluggish pupils, decreased tone of the left extremities, and bilateral Babinski sign.
After the acute phenomena subsided, she showed evident cognitive impairment, upper motor neuron pattern of weakness in limb muscles, hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, bilateral Babinski sign, dysarthric speech, and spastic gait.
He exhibited normal osteotendinous and cranial nerve reflexes, had no Babinski sign but had notable nuchal rigidity.
At admission, she presented with hypoesthesia of superficial sensibility from bilateral costal margins to knees, positive bilateral Hoffman sign, and Babinski sign.
On admission at the University Hospital of Antwerp, his symptoms included fever, left-sided paresis with left-sided Babinski sign, and high eosinophil count (3,080 cells/[mm.
A neurologic examination of the proband indicated normal mental status, dysarthria, visual acuity below light sense, dull gag reflex, finger-to-nose test (+), heel-knee-tibia test (+), Romberg sign (+), tendon reflex active, Babinski sign (+), no extrapyramidal signs, and an affected sensory system.