Bacillus subtilis

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Related to B. subtilis: Bacillus polymyxa

Ba·cil·lus sub·ti·lis

The species name subtilis is correctly pronounced sub-tī'lis.
a bacterial species found in soil and decomposing organic matter; some strains produce the antibiotic subtilin, subtenolin, or bacillomycin; it has been associated with human infections primarily of immunocompromised patients, and with food poisoning. It is the type species of the genus Bacillus.

Bacillus

a genus of bacteria that are gram-positive, aerobic, spore-forming rods. With the exception of B. anthracis and the occasional wound contamination and bovine mastitis caused by B. cereus, the organisms are largely saprophytic and do not cause disease. However, they may invade devitalized tissue. They do have importance in the area of food preservation.

Bacillus actinoides
streptobacillusmoniliformis.
Bacillus aneurinolyticus, Bacillus thiaminolyticus
are thiaminase-producing bacteria which may proliferate in the rumen and contribute to the cerebral lesions in carbohydrate engorgement and polioencephalomalacia in cattle.
Bacillus anthracis
characterized by its capacity to form spores when exposed to the air and to survive for long periods in soil and other inert materials. Has a characteristic appearance with McFadyean's stain. Causes anthrax in all species.
Bacillus brevis
the source of tyrothricin.
Bacillus cereus
a species causing food poisoning, occasional cases of septicemia and bovine mastitis and abortion.
Bacillus circulans, Bacillus coagulans, Bacillus stearothermophilus
very heat-resistant bacteria which cause fermentation of cereals in canned meat foods. They cause souring but no gas production so that the can does not bulge. Called also flat sour. B. stearothermophilus spores are used to test efficacy of autoclaves.
Bacillus larvae
the cause of American foulbrood in honeybees.
Bacillus licheniformis
reported as a cause of abortion in cattle, sheep and pigs, and also isolated from suppurative lesions of horses and cattle.
Bacillus piliformis
the previous name of clostridiumpiliforme, the cause of tyzzer's disease.
Bacillus polymyxa (Bacillus aerosporus)
strains of this organism are the source of the antibiotic polymyxin.
Bacillus subtilis
a common saprophytic soil and water form, often occurring as a laboratory contaminant, and rarely, in apparently causal relation to pathological processes, such as conjunctivitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
beta proteobacterium were decreased and Bifidobacterum was increased after supplementing B.
This study investigated the effects of supplementing B.
In this study we reported the changes in hindgut microflora as measured in the faeces after supplementing B.
We found that DON impaired the expression of TJ protein and B.
We found that IPEC-J2 also had enhanced expression of TJ proteins through PI3K/Akt signal by TLR2 ligands, including LTA-BS, peptidoglycan from B.
Viscosity and curd tension were used to indicate the texture of milk curd formed by the enzymes obtained from B.
had the shortest milk-clotting time, Rhizopus was the second and B.
The changes in milk-clotting and proteolytic activities of the enzyme produced by B.
The processes of purification with ion exchange chromatography and gel filtration were the same as those of the enzyme produced by B.
The result of milk-clotting and proteolytic activities for the enzymes produced by B.