Australian X disease


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Mur·ray Val·ley en·ceph·a·li·tis

a severe encephalitis with a high mortality rate occurring in the Murray Valley of Australia; the disease is most severe in children and is characterized by headache, fever, malaise, drowsiness or convulsions, and rigidity of the neck; extensive brain damage may result; it is caused by the Murray Valley encephalitis virus (genus Flavivirus).

Mur·ray Val·ley en·ceph·a·li·tis

(mŭr'ē val'ē en-sef'ă-līt'is)
A severe encephalitis with a high mortality rate occurring in the Murray Valley of Australia; the disease is most severe in children and is characterized by headache, fever, malaise, drowsiness or convulsions, and rigidity of the neck; extensive brain damage may result; it is caused by the Murray Valley encephalitis virus (genus Flavivirus).
Synonym(s): Australian X disease.

Australian X disease

Former name of Murray Valley encephalitis.

Australia,

a continent commonly referred to as "the land down under."
Australian antigen - hepatitis B antigen first identified in serum of Australian aborigines.
Australian Q fever - acute rickettsial infection transmitted by ticks and caused by Coxiella burnetii, most often found in Australian bandicoots.
Australian X disease - Synonym(s): Murray Valley encephalitis
Australian X disease virus - Synonym(s): Murray Valley virus
Australian X encephalitis - Synonym(s): Murray Valley encephalitis

Murray Valley,

location in Australia where epidemics occurred in 1950 and 1951.
Murray Valley disease - Synonym(s): Murray Valley encephalitis
Murray Valley encephalitis - a severe encephalitis with high mortality. Synonym(s): Australian X disease; Australian X encephalitis; Murray Valley disease
Murray Valley virus - a group B arbovirus that causes Murray Valley encephalitis. Synonym(s): Australian X disease virus; MVE virus
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