Atropa belladonna


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Related to Atropa belladonna: Datura

belladonna

Drug slang
A regional term for phencyclidine (PCP).
 
Herbal medicine
A perennial herb which is highly toxic if taken internally at full concentration; belladonna contains scopolamine and hyoscyamine, which are used as antispasmodics in mainstream medicine and for gout and rheumatism in herbal medicine.
 
Toxicity
Belladonna causes diarrhoea, dilated pupils, dry mouth, flushing, hallucinations, hypertension, incoordination, nausea, speech impairment, tachycardia, vision impairment, vomiting, coma, possibly death.

Homeopathy B
elladonna is used for conditions of abrupt onset, acute infections, cough, earache, fever, headaches, seizures, sore throat, teething in children, urinary tract infections.

Ophthalmology
Belladonna derivatives—e.g., homatropine eye drops—are instilled into the eye to dilate the pupil

A·tro·pa bel·la·don·na

(ā-trō'pă bel'ă-don'ă)
A perennial herb with dark purple flowers and berries. Originally used as source of atropine.

Atropa belladonna

a plant in the Solanaceae family. Contains l-hyoscyamine and causes tremor, excitement, tachycardia, pupillary dilatation and recumbency. Poisoning is rare and most such diagnoses are based on incorrect identification of the plant; it is confused with Solanum nigrum among others. Called also deadly nightshade.
References in periodicals archive ?
Atropa belladonna intoxication has been infrequently reported in both children and adults in the literature.
This article demonstrates a case of toxic encephalopathy developed after taking Atropa belladonna to treat peptic ulcer disease.
50] tested ([mu]g/ml) + Psoralea corylifolia (2) Fruit 22 [+ or -] 6 (Leguminosae) Dianthus sinensis (1) Whole plant 111 [+ or -] 19 (Caryophyllaceae) Phytolacca polyandra (1) Whole plant 129 [+ or -] 13 (Phytolaccaceae) Sophora flavescens Ait (2) Root 134 [+ or -] 17 (Leguminosae) Cephalotaxus fortunei (2) Branch 134 [+ or -] 27 (Cephalotaxaceae) Polygonatum odoratum (1) Root 142 [+ or -] 11 (Convallariaceae) Coptis chinensis French (2) Whole plant 412 [+ or -] 32 (Ranunculaceae) Terminalia chebula Retz (2) Fruit 201 [+ or -] 51 (Combretaceae) Atropa belladonna (1) Fruit N/D (Solanaceae) Chelidonium majus (1) Whole plant N/D (Papaveraceae) Plantago major (1) Root N/D (Plantaginaceae) Plants orginated from: (1)National Botanic Gardens, Glasnevin, Dublin (2)Taiwan.
A plant known as deadly nightshade, Atropa belladonna, belongs to a different genus altogether.
Variation of alkaloid productivity among several clones of hairy roots and regenerated plants of Atropa belladonna transformed with Agrobacterium rhizogenes 15834.