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Table 1 shows a summary of some of those shrimp proteins that may play central roles within the mitochondria, including those from metabolic pathways such as the Krebs cycle, the electron transport chain, and ATP synthesis.
The improvement in viability of buffalo bull spermatozoa with melatonin supplementation might be due to increased ATP synthesis by mitochondria as was reported in ram semen (Succu et al.
The rotational portion of these motors acts as a camshaft, inducing conformational changes that lead to ATP synthesis in the F1 motors three functional catalytic sites.
2+] regulation of mitochondrial ATP synthesis visualized at the single cell level.
Researchers found that poly-ADP-ribose (PAR), one of the main actors in chromatin de-compaction and DNA damage repair is the cornerstone for the nuclear ATP synthesis.
Malic acid--a natural fruit acid present in most cells in the body--is a vital component of enzymes that play a key role in ATP synthesis and energy production.
Thus, complex I contributes to about 40% of the proton motive force that drives ATP synthesis by ATP synthase and, along with complex III, is the major source of [O.
Editor's Note: "At the cellular level, metformin stimulates AMPK activation by disrupting mitochondrial respiratory chain complex I and decreasing ATP synthesis," say study authors.
Experimental evidence strongly connects complex I dysfunction to reduced mitochondrial membrane potential, decreased ATP synthesis and elevated levels of oxidative stress.
1991) also corroborated that hypophosphataemia results in decreased red blood cells, glycolysis and ATP synthesis.