ATP synthase

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ATP synthase

An enzyme that catalyzes the addition of a phosphate group to adenosine diphosphate to produce adenosine triphosphate.
See also: synthase
References in periodicals archive ?
Two biochemical pathways in the cell account for all ATP synthesis.
RBCs from the patient's blood were separated within 1 hour of collection of blood and ATP synthesis activity was assessed in the presence of added digoxin to produce a concentration 12.
Wg toxicity is attributed to the presence of a hepatotoxic terpenoid called atractyloside, a powerful inhibitor of cellular respiration and ATP synthesis (7).
The results of the study showed increased ATP synthesis by RBC membrane sodium potassium ATPase in the presence of added digoxin, exposure to sunlight and low intensity electromagnetic fields.
It bypasses the need for ribose synthesis, a slow process that must be accomplished before ATP synthesis can begin.
Caviar and green tea gel--stimulates cells power potential, starts rejuvenation process, increases collagen, ATP synthesis, strengthens capillaries.
Studies with cyanide inhibition of both oxidative phosphorylation and pigment production indicated that rates of biomass and net ATP synthesis were actually higher in the presence of cyanide, further suggesting a negative regulatory role for prodigiosin in cell and energy production under aerobic growth conditions.
Evidence that the pentose sugar ribose stimulates ATP synthesis and improves cardiac function led us to test the possibility that ribose increases tolerance to myocardial ischaemia in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD).
As a result, an increase in total creatine stores may provide an ergogenic effect during high intensity exercise by enhancing the rate of ATP synthesis during contraction and by improving the rate of PCr resynthesis during recovery, which may be beneficial for repeated power or sprint activity, for example.
It has an established role as an essential component of the electron transport chain and ATP synthesis in the mitochondria.
The uncoupling effect and impaired ATP synthesis induced by n-hexane (or its neurotoxic metabolite) suggest that this compound could be a candidate trigger for LHON in our patient.