air pollution

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Related to Atmospheric pollution: acid rain

air pol·lu·tion

contamination of air by smoke and harmful gases, mainly oxides of carbon, sulfur, and nitrogen, as from automobile exhausts, industrial emissions, or burning rubbish.
See also: smog.

air pollution

Etymology: L, polluere, to defile
contamination of the air by noxious fumes, aromas, or toxic chemicals.

air pollution

The presence in the air of substances suh as carbon monoxide (CO), NO2, ozone, particulate matter, and SO2, which are byproducts of human activities, and which have an adverse effect on health. Fine (diameter ≤2.5 µm) particles are derived primarily from the combustion of fossil fuels in transportation, manufacturing, and power generation, and are mixed with soot, acid condensates, nitrate and sulfate particles, and may pose a greater risk to health as they are generally more toxic and can be inhaled deeply into the lungs; there is a significant association between fine particulate air pollution and deaths from cardiopulmonary disease, lung cancer, and other causes.
Health effects of air pollution Respiratory complaints, restricted activity, chest discomfort, sore throats, eye irritation; CO and ozone are linked to heart malformations and heart valve defects.

air pol·lu·tion

(ār pŏ-lū'shŭn)
Contamination of air by smoke, particulate matter, and harmful gases, mainly oxides of carbon, sulfur, and nitrogen, as from automobile exhausts, industrial emissions, and burning rubbish.
See also: smog

air pollution

the presence of contaminants in the form of dust, fumes, gases or other chemicals in the atmosphere in quantities which adversely affect living organisms. See ACID RAIN.

air

the gaseous mixture that makes up the atmosphere. See also air sacs.

air capillaries
the minuscule vessels that connect the parabronchi in avian lungs, in which there are no blind-ended tubules.
air cell
the air-filled space between the internal and external shell membranes of a bird's egg.
air changes per hour
the standard measurements used to indicate the level of ventilation in a building especially with respect to removal of humidity, noxious gases and carbon dioxide.
air dried
said of feed that is dried in the open with only natural movement of air, e.g. conventional hay. Contains about 10% water.
air filtration
used as a means of reducing contamination inside a building, the efficiency depending on the pore size of the filter. A technique of some value when combined with temperature control in reducing the prevalence of pneumonia in calves in intensive veal producing units.
air flow rates
are important in assessing the suitability of a ventilating system in animal accommodation. Standards for suitable flow rates for different species and age groups for heating and cooling are available.
air gap technique
in radiography, a technique to reduce scatter of radiation by increasing the distance between the patient and the surface of the cassette.
air hunger
a distressing dyspnea affecting both inspiration and expiration which occurs in paroxysms; characteristic of diabetic acidosis and coma. Called also Kussmaul's respiration.
air movement
includes air changes voiding humidity and gases to the exterior plus movements within the space which facilitate cooling.
air passages
the combined air delivery system of the upper and lower respiratory tracts including nasal cavities, pharynx, laryngeal cavity, trachea, bronchi and bronchioles.
air pollution
contamination of the air with deleterious or esthetically unattractive chemical, physical or biological material. Usually reserved for pollutants generated by humans.
air pump
a small electrically driven appliance used to provide a constant stream of air bubbles to aquaria. The bubbles themselves add little oxygen to the water but the constant disturbance of the surface of the water does.
air quality
the determination of air flow rate, temperature, humidity, freedom from bacteria, solid particles, obnoxious effluvia and poisonous gases—especially hydrogen sulfide and methane from sullage pits under the animal accommodation.
air trapping
dilatation of alveoli without destruction of their walls.
air vesicles
extend radially from parabronchi in the lungs of birds and connect with air capillaries, in which gaseous exchange occurs with vascular capillaries.

Patient discussion about air pollution

Q. where would i find list of all the "clean" cities and the rates of air pollution ...?

A. i don't know about a list of "good" cities, but i know a list of the worse cities for Asthmatic people!-
http://www.webmd.com/asthma/news/20050215/americas-worst-asthma-cities

More discussions about air pollution
References in periodicals archive ?
The problem could be aggravated by atmospheric pollution which is often collected by leaves and would float to the surface during decomposition.
Roger Bowdler engagingly traces the chaste Neo-Classical tomb (though not those designed by Soane, which appear as catalogue entries) now vanishing fast in rundown burial grounds and churchyards under the twin attacks of atmospheric pollution and vandalism.
Sensors like these already search for contamination from nuclear power plants and atmospheric pollution.
About half of atmospheric pollution comes from mobile sources, the rest from stationary sources, such as factories, authorities say.
Does stress from atmospheric pollution, for example, need to be factored into the lethal lineup?
But many environmentalists have expressed concern about this procedure because of fears of atmospheric pollution by solvent losses during extraction.
We significantly reduce atmospheric pollution due to home and building fires.
Rahat Najam, an environmentalist talking to reporter Thursday said all stakeholders particularly transporters must be engaged to realize significance of LNG as a cost efficient fuel with positive impact on reducing atmospheric pollution.
Fabius will also be broaching the forthcoming conference next December in Paris on Climate Change, a thorny issue for India because New Dehli feels further constraints on its industries would hamper development and India wants developed countries to pay a higher price for atmospheric pollution.
The TEMPO or Tropospheric Emissions: Monitoring of Pollution payload will measure atmospheric pollution for most of North America and would launch and orbit as a hosted payload on a future commercial satellite.
Chairman SUPARCO said " we undertake research studies in space and atmospheric sciences including satellite meteorology, satellite radiance, troposphere, stratosphere studies, atmospheric pollution, satellite geodesy and astronomy".
The atmospheric pollution levels and carbon dioxide emissions have caused the damage in the Arctic seas to an irreversible extent, the BBC reports.

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