refugee

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refugee

A person who:
(1) has a well-founded fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group;
(2) is outside the country he or she belongs to or normally resides in; and
(3) is unable or unwilling to return home for fear of persecution.

Refugees may include those fleeing from war or civil disturbance of any kind; a permutation is that of an ‘internally displaced’ person who moves within the borders of one country for the same reasons. The mortality rate of refugees is 60-fold greater than that of a similar non-displaced population; it is highest in children and is due to measles, diarrhoea-related illnesses, acute upper RTIs, malaria and is in part related to the virtually endemic protein-energy malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies that characterise the refugee state; diarrhoea is the most common cause of death (36,000 children die/day of diarrhoea).

Refugees have been called the fourth world, and have included Afghans, Armenians, Bengalis, Biafrans, Bosnians, Cambodians, Chileans, Croats, Cubans, Czechoslovakians, Ethiopians, Hungarians, Iraqis, Laotians, Liberians, Palestinians, Russians, Rwandans, Serbs, Somalis, Vietnamese, and cross religious lines—Jews, Hindis, and Muslims Records.

In the UK, refugees are entitled to benefits.

refugee

A person fleeing danger or distress, esp. in times of war or political persecution.
References in periodicals archive ?
The government said it will start assigning work to working-age asylum seekers on the grounds that meaningful action would help relieve their frustration.
Among the 4,904 asylum seekers who came to Norway in September, 2,631 were Syrians and the rest were Afghans, Iraqis, Eritreans and others.
Asylum seekers are usually put in accommodation around Britain while they wait for the Government's decision on whether they will be allowed to stay as refugees.
But a Middlesbrough Council report revealed almost 1,000 asylum seekers are currently being housed in the town -almost one-and-a-half times the Government limit.
Asylum seekers have sent photos and videos to media with some material showing men digging holes beneath a fence to access crates of bottled water outside the compound.
The Welsh Refugee Council claimed there is a "reluctance" by some local authorities in Wales to receive asylum seekers.
In particular, to destitute asylum seekers who are often left in limbo with very few options.
The motion BACKED calls for the council be able to offer the same support to destitute asylum SEEKERs as they would a homeless person.
This award provides due recognition for TASS, who have greatly increased community understanding of human rights through public advocacy of asylum seekers.
Today, asylum seekers can only apply for jobs on a list of shortage occupations after 12 months.
The tanker sailing from Australia to Singapore picked up the asylum seekers, all men and mostly Afghans and some Iranians, in Indonesian waters on Sunday.
While the research found that 34 per cent of the people questioned had a generally positive view of asylum seekers, it found that 30 per cent of participants had a "very negative view", with several people responding that asylum seekers "don't belong here" or should "go home".