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Relating to asphyxia.


Relating to asphyxia.


(as-fik'se-a) [ ¹an- + Gr. sphyxis, pulse]
An insufficient intake of oxygen. asphyxial (-se-al), adjective


Extrinsic causes include choking, toxic gases, exhaust gas (principally carbon monoxide), electric shock, drugs, anesthesia, trauma, crushing injuries of the chest, compression of the chest, injury of the respiratory nerves or centers, diminished environmental oxygenation, and drowning.

Intrinsic causes include hemorrhage into the lungs or pleural cavity, foreign bodies in the throat, swelling of the airways, diseases of the airways, ruptured aneurysm or abscess, edema of the lung, cardiac deficiency, tumors such as goiter, and pharyngeal and retropharyngeal abscesses. Other causes include paralysis of the respiratory center or of respiratory muscles, anesthesia, pneumothorax, narcotic drugs, electrocution, and child abuse.


In general, symptoms range in severity from dyspnea, palpitations, and impairment of consciousness, to coma, seizures, permanent brain injury, and death.

autoerotic asphyxia

Autoerotic hypoxia.

fetal asphyxia

Asphyxia occurring in a fetus. It results from interference in placental circulation, umbilical cord compression, or premature separation of the placenta, as in abruptio placentae.

local asphyxia

Asphyxia affecting a limited portion of the body (e.g., fingers, hands, toes, or feet) due to insufficient blood supply. It is a symptom usually associated with Raynaud's disease.

asphyxia neonatorum

A dated term for respiratory failure in the newborn.

asphyxia pallida

An obsolete term for asphyxia in which difficulty in breathing is accompanied by weak and thready pulse, pale skin, and absence of reflexes.

sexual asphyxia

Autoerotic hypoxia.


pertaining to or emanating from asphyxia.

asphyxial respiratory failure
respiratory failure manifested by dyspnea with alternating apnea and gasping respiration before death.
References in periodicals archive ?
Table 2 gives a distribution of the patterns of femicide in which asphyxial deaths were the most common reasons amongst females i.
End-tidal carbondioxide changes during cardiopulmonary resuscitationafter experimental asphyxial cardiac arrest.
Asphyxial: The incidence of asphyxial cardiac arrest is not quoted in the literature for individual cases in the football environment.
Used to initiate or augment labour, it is the commonest cause of asphyxial damage to infants from hyperstimulation leading to indefensible medico-legal cases.
However, few complications like (a) obstruction of upper airway leading to asphyxial death in case of oesophageal fibrolipoma have been reported (9) and (b) in long standing cases, liposarcoma (10) can also occur.
Asphyxial game or "the choking game": a potentially fatal risk behaviour.
Therapy-related cafe coronary deaths: two case reports of rare asphyxial deaths in patients under supervised care.
Reversile asphyxial status in a newborn due to neonatal form of carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency.
I would be the first to admit that I do not understand the allure of the games that stifle your breathing, the so-called asphyxial games that have existed for many years but whose sad stories find their way into the popular media and my research agenda, and recollections of childhood.
Prolonging pregnancy, on the other hand, can result in maternal morbidity and fetal death or asphyxial damage in utero.