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Relating to asphyxia.


Relating to asphyxia.


(as-fik'se-a) [ ¹an- + Gr. sphyxis, pulse]
An insufficient intake of oxygen. asphyxial (-se-al), adjective


Extrinsic causes include choking, toxic gases, exhaust gas (principally carbon monoxide), electric shock, drugs, anesthesia, trauma, crushing injuries of the chest, compression of the chest, injury of the respiratory nerves or centers, diminished environmental oxygenation, and drowning.

Intrinsic causes include hemorrhage into the lungs or pleural cavity, foreign bodies in the throat, swelling of the airways, diseases of the airways, ruptured aneurysm or abscess, edema of the lung, cardiac deficiency, tumors such as goiter, and pharyngeal and retropharyngeal abscesses. Other causes include paralysis of the respiratory center or of respiratory muscles, anesthesia, pneumothorax, narcotic drugs, electrocution, and child abuse.


In general, symptoms range in severity from dyspnea, palpitations, and impairment of consciousness, to coma, seizures, permanent brain injury, and death.

autoerotic asphyxia

Autoerotic hypoxia.

fetal asphyxia

Asphyxia occurring in a fetus. It results from interference in placental circulation, umbilical cord compression, or premature separation of the placenta, as in abruptio placentae.

local asphyxia

Asphyxia affecting a limited portion of the body (e.g., fingers, hands, toes, or feet) due to insufficient blood supply. It is a symptom usually associated with Raynaud's disease.

asphyxia neonatorum

A dated term for respiratory failure in the newborn.

asphyxia pallida

An obsolete term for asphyxia in which difficulty in breathing is accompanied by weak and thready pulse, pale skin, and absence of reflexes.

sexual asphyxia

Autoerotic hypoxia.


pertaining to or emanating from asphyxia.

asphyxial respiratory failure
respiratory failure manifested by dyspnea with alternating apnea and gasping respiration before death.
References in periodicals archive ?
Peacock JA, Salem SR, Beckelr SM: Sudden asphyxial death due to an esophageal leiomyoma.
However, with asphyxial arrest, when the patient has been without oxygen for a prolonged time prior to cardiac arrest, as in a near-drowning event, the body's oxygen reserve will have been depleted.
Prof Jack Crane, the state pathologist for Northern Ireland who examined both Dr Heath and Prof Milroy's findings, also put forward the theory of asphyxial death.
Musician Coutts was obsessed with violent pornography and killed Jane at his flat in Brighton to fulfil a 20 year "macabre sexual fantasy" about asphyxial sex.
The court had heard Graham Coutts visited necrophilia and asphyxial sex web sites to satisfy his sexual fantasies.
The bleeding may have been the result of 'some sort of asphyxial process such as compression or obstruction of the neck or air passage', he suggested.
means that the baby is poorly oxygenated and under a severe asphyxial stress.
Coutts, 35 - hooked on sites showing necrophilia and women being raped and hanged - strangled Jane, left, while fulfilling his obsession with asphyxial sex.
GrahamCoutts used a washing up bottle and a length of ribbon at Lewes Crown Court to simulate the moment he wrapped a pair of tights around Jane Longhurst's neck after explaining the ``ground rules'' of asphyxial sex.
He claims he wrapped tights around her neck during consensual asphyxial sex.
Part-time salesman Graham Coutts, 35, claims he wrapped a pair of tights around the musician's neck during consensual asphyxial sex when she died at his home in Hove on March 14 last year.