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a fungal species that yields the antibiotics fumigacin and fumigatin; common cause of aspergillosis in humans and birds.
Aspergillus fumigatusThe fungal species that is the most common cause of human aspergillosis, which may enter via the lungs or less commonly skin, and which may invade blood vessels and disseminate to various organs. Aspergillus spp branch at 45º angle.
Soil and organic debris, bird droppings.
See table below.
Complement fixation, immunodiffusion.
Pseudallescheria spp, fusariosis.
• Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis—Hypersensitivity reaction to the fungus and most common in asthmatics.
• Saprophytic aspergillosis (Aspergilloma)—Most common form; noninvasive; colonisation of pre-existing cavities.
• Chronic necrotising aspergillosis—Airway-invasive aspergillosis; semi-invasive aspergillosis; chronic cavitary pneumonic disease (often affects patients with preexisting chronic lung disease).
• Angioinvasive aspergillosis—Affects immunocompromised patients and is often fatal.
Aspergillus fumigatusMicrobiology The fungal species that is the most common cause of human aspergillosis, which may infect the lungs, invade blood vessels, or disseminate to various organs. See Aspergillosis.
As·per·gil·lus fu·mi·ga·tus(as'pĕr-jil'ŭs fyūm'i-gā'tŭs)
Widely spread in the environment, a fungal species found in the soil or decaying vegetation; most common cause of aspergillosis in humans, particularly in the immunocompromised patient. Associated with pulmonary, bone, ocular, nasal, and deep organ disease; extremely angioinvasive.
a genus of fungi (molds), several species of which are parasitic and opportunistic pathogens. Others produce toxins and when they contaminate animal feeds they can cause heavy losses. Includes A. amstelodami, A. chevalieri, A. clavatus, A. flavus oryzae, A. fumigatus, A. maydis, A. niger, A. ochraceus, A. parasiticus, A. taumanii, A. wentii.
Aspergillus nidulans, Aspergillus versicolor
produce known carcinogenic toxin, sterigmatocystin.