Ashkenazi Jews


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Related to Ashkenazi Jews: Mizrahi Jews

Ashkenazi Jews

In the 11th century, Ashkenazi Jews comprised 3% of the world's Jewish population, peaking at 92% in 1931; following the holocaust in World War II, that number decreased. Ashkenazi Jews now comprise ±80% of Jews worldwide.

Carrier rates, genetic diseases affecting Ashkenazi Jews
• Factor XI deficiency—1:9 to 1:20
• Gaucher disease, type 1—1:10 to 1:14
• Non-syndrome hearing loss—1:20 to 1:25
• Tay-Sachs disease—1:25 to 1:27
• Cystic fibrosis—1:29
• Familial dysautonomia—1:30
• Glycogen storage disease type III—1:35 (north African Jews)
• Canavan disease—1:40
• BRCA1, BRCA2—1:40
• Fanconi anaemia, type C—1:89
• Niemann-Pick disease, type A—1:90
• Mucolipidosis IV—1:99
• Bloom syndrome—1:110
• Maple syrup urine disease—1:113
• Glycogen storage disease type 1a—1:130
• Abetalipoproteinemia—1:131
• Primary torsion dystonia—1:1000 to 1:3000
References in periodicals archive ?
Ashkenazi Jews, who arrived in Cuba during the same period, were discovered by the local Jews to be sleeping in the Parque Central and suffering from hunger.
The Israeli population includes Ashkenazi Jews (mainly from Europe), Sephardi Jews (mainly from the Middle East), African Jews from Ethiopia and Sudan, and a significant Arab minority comprised of various religions and cultures.
3] In 1995, ACOG issued a committee opinion recommending screening for Tay-Sachs disease before pregnancy and prenatally if both members of a couple are Ashkenazi Jews or of French Canadian or Cajun descent.
Rabbi Lau, who leads Israel's Ashkenazi Jews, says Israel is fighting a "war of commandment" under which religious law demands "not only defence but also initiative and daring".
Type 1, the nonneuropathic form, is the most prevalent genetic disorder among Ashkenazi Jews.
In this regard, the association of Ashkenazi Jews with BRCA1 mutations (and increased risk of breast cancer) is suggestive of the type of risks presented by studies of genetic influences on environmental response (35,36).
Yosef Kaplan shows how seventeenth-century Sephardic communities in Hamburg and Amsterdam employed the same conceptions of "pureza de sangre" from which they had suffered in Portugal to justify strict separation from Ashkenazi Jews.
The Shas Party he built was originally set up in response to the dominance of Ashkenazi Jews within the ultra-orthodox world.
The same ranking order appears regardless of which measure one takes - education, income or occupation Ashkenazi Jews are on top, followed by Mizrahi Jews and Arab Israelis.
Much of typical kosher fare came from the Ashkenazi Jews of Northern Europe, bearing the imprint of generations of Polish, Russian, German, Alsatian, Hungarian, Austrian and Rumanian cooks.
Oski lists a study that ascribes lactose deficiency to people of many racial and ethnic extractions: Filipinos (90 percent), Greek Cypriots (85 percent), Arabs (78 percent), Ashkenazi Jews (78 percent), American blacks (70 percent), and Japanese (85 percent).
Yiddish, a rich language saturated with Jewish culture, was the spoken language of Ashkenazi Jews around the world since the 10th century, inspiring a vibrant literary legacy over the centuries of its development.