sugar substitute

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sugar substitute

Any of a group of carbohydrates (e.g., fructose, sorbitol and xylitol) which are of potential use as replacements for the usual dietary sugars—glucose and sucrose—in diabetics, as such substitutes do not require insulin for certain steps in their metabolism. However, the efficacy of sugar substitutes in reducing serum glucose is suboptimal, as the diabetic liver converts a significant portion of fructose and its metabolites into glucose.

sugar substitute

Nutrition Any of a group of carbohydrates–eg, fructose, sorbitol and xylitol, which are of potential use as replacements for the usual dietary sugars–glucose and sucrose in diabetics, as these molecules do not require insulin for certain steps in their metabolism; the efficacy of SSs in DM is less than optimal, since the diabetic liver converts a significant portion of fructose and its metabolites into glucose. See Artificial sweeteners, Aspartame, Cyclamates.
References in periodicals archive ?
The artificial sweetener, saccharin market analysis is provided for the international markets including development trends, competitive landscape analysis, and key regions development status.
They checked those results against 125 controls who were referred for Hashimoto's work-up but turned out to be antibody negative; 15 (12%) regularly used artificial sweeteners, 110 (88%) did not.
negative health effects, artificial sweeteners have another problem: they all taste bad and leave a disagreeable aftertaste," wrote online commenter Phansigar.
In the scientists' own words, non-caloric artificial sweeteners drive ".
Artificial sweeteners -- promoted as aids to weight loss and diabetes prevention -- could actually hasten the development of glucose intolerance and metabolic disease, and they do so in a surprising way: by changing the composition and function of the gut microbiota -- the substantial population of bacteria residing in our intestines.
After 10 weeks, the sucrose group had gained about 3 pounds, while the artificial sweetener group had lost about 2'A pounds.
According to the research, our pleasure in consuming sweet solutions is driven to a great extent by the amount of energy it provides: greater reward in the brain is attributed to sugars compared to artificial sweeteners.
While aimed principally at replacing sugar in flavored milks served to school children, the petition also asks for the right to obscure artificial sweeteners in a host of dairy products including nonfat dried milk (always added to reduced-fat milks), yogurt, cream, half-and-half, sour cream, eggnog and whipping cream.
I wondered if it was the artificial sweetener in the drinks that was causing this.
Artificial sweeteners are typically used to bring down the calorie count of products but in recent months they have been included in more products that do not have an explicit health message.
Furthermore, many artificial sweeteners are derived from completely natural sources, while what we think of as all-natural often isn't quite: table sugar is of course heavily refined, but so are many "natural" sweeteners--even agave nectar.
In the United States, the number of people who consume foods with artificial sweeteners (like diet soda) has doubled to 160 million during the past 20 years.