Arthrobacter


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to Arthrobacter: Pseudomonas, corynebacterium, Burkholderia

Arthrobacter

(ar'thrō-bak'ter),
A genus of strictly aerobic, gram-positive bacteria (family Corynebacteriaceae) the cells of which undergo a change from a coccoid form to a rod shape following transfer to fresh complex growth medium. Although primarily found in soil, species identified as belonging to this genus have been found in the advancing front of lesions of dental caries. The type species is Arthrobacter globiformis.
[G. arthron, joint, + baktron, staff or rod]

Arth·ro·bac·ter

(ahrthrō-baktĕr)
Genus of strictly aerobic, gram-positive bacteria the cells of which change from a coccoid form to a rod shape after transfer to fresh complex growth medium. Arthrobacter species have been found in the advancing front of lesions of dental caries.
[G. arthron, joint, + baktron, staff or rod]
References in periodicals archive ?
Strong LC, Rosendahl C, Johnson G, Sadowsky MJ, Wackett LP (2002) Arthrobacter aurescens TC1 metabolizes diverse s-triazine ring compounds.
The molecular identification by cloning proved that the six strains were Bacillus cereus, Arthrobacter sp.
Many bacteria can produce this enzyme including members of the genera Arthrobacter, Brevibacterium, Pseudomonas, Nocardia, Rhodococcus, Sterptomyces, Corynebacterium and Shizophylum [2].
There are bacteria capable of oxidising hydrocarbons in the most widely spread genera of Arthrobacter, Acinetobacter, Pseudimonas, Bacillus, Flavobacterium, Mycobacterium, Micrococcus and Rhodococcus.
There are different genera of decomposing bacteria which some of them are Nocardia, Pseudomonas, Coryneform, Alcaligenes, Arthrobacter, Bacillus, Flauobacterium, Acinetobacter and Achromobacter.
Most widely-spread, such as genuses Arthrobacter, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas, Bacillus, Flavobacterium, Mycobacterium, Micrococcus, Rhodococcus, contain bacteria capable of oxidising hydrocarbons (Jankevicius and Liuzinas 2003; Malhautier et al.
Flavobacterium, Acetobacter, Pseudomonas, Azos pirillum, Azotobacter, Arthrobacter, Micrococus, Chro mobacterium, Agrobacterium, Bacillus, Burkholderia, Erwinia, Hypomycrobium, Xanthomonas, Klebsiella [11,28,22].
Most Dibenzothiophen (DBT) desulfurizing bacteria were isolated and characterized such as Arthrobacter, Brevibacterium, Pseudomonas, Gordona and Rhodococcus Sp [5, 6, 7].